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Effets et financement d'une réduction des charges sur les bas salaires

Listed author(s):
  • Jean-Pierre Laffargue
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    [fre] Cet article examine comment une baisse des cotisations sociales employeurs sur le travail non qualifié peut être financée par des hausses d'autres taxes ou para-taxes, et quelles sont les conséquences pour l'économie. Quel que soit son mode de financement, l'allégement des cotisations sociales employeurs sur les bas salaires a des effets favorables sur l'emploi. La mesure qui vient au premier rang est l'imposition des bénéfices des entreprises. Un mode de financement est très bon pour l'emploi et l'activité, mais mauvais pour les salaires réels nets de taxes : la hausse des cotisations sociales employeurs sur les qualifiés. Une augmentation de l'imposition de la FBCF productive est meilleure pour les salaires des qualifiés, moins bonne pour l'activité et a un effet voisin sur l'emploi. La cotisation à la valeur ajoutée et la taxation de la consommation donnent des résultats légèrement inférieurs. Cependant, le choix du mode de financement a des effets relativement secondaires à côté de l'important gain d'emplois que génère la baisse des charges patronales sur le travail non qualifié. [eng] Consequences and financing of a decrease in social compensation on low wages In this paper we investigate how a decrease in social compensations on unskilled labor paid by firms can be financed by an increase in other taxes. We also investigate the consequences of this measure for the state of the economy. A decrease in social compensations on low wages paid by firms has favorable economic consequences, whatever its financing. The best financing is an increase in the taxation of profits. An increase in social compensations paid by firms on skilled labor is very good for employment and activity, but bad for net real wages. An increase in the taxation of productive investment is better for the wages of skilled labor less good for activity and has similar consequences for employment The taxation of added value or the taxation of consumption give slightly less good results Finally decrease in social compensations on unskilled labor paid by firms has very favorable effects on employment The choice of the financing of this mea sure is relatively secondary matter Classification JEL 62 J68

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

    Volume (Year): 51 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 489-498

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2000_num_51_3_410530
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