IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Quand les hausses du SMIC réduisent le coût du travail

Listed author(s):
  • Yannick L'Horty

[eng] When the increases of the minimum wage decrease the labor cost The aim of this study is to analyze the consequences of the French system of social contribution cuts, targeted on unskilled workers labor cost, which has been introduced since 1993. This system induces labor cost reduction which have three main effects on employment. The first one, a substitution effect, and the second one, an income effect, are well known. The last one, that we have called an assessment effect, is peculiar to targeted tax cuts. We show that the combination of these three effects can explain the trend break in the employment share of unskilled workers that happened in France in the nineties. Therefore, this system can also put a brake on individual wages increases, and they change the way that minimum wage works as a structural policy tool. In the presence of these social contribution cuts, the labor cost of unskilled workers decrease when minimum wage increase. [fre] Cette étude analyse les principales vertus et limites des dispositifs d'allégement de charges sur les bas salaires qui ont été mis en œuvre en France depuis 1993. Ces dispositifs consistent en des mécanismes originaux permettant de réduire le coût du travail de façon ciblée, dans le bas de la distribution des salaires. Ils jouent sur l'emploi au travers de trois effets principaux. Les deux premiers, effet de substitution et de revenu, sont traditionnels. Le dernier, qualifié ici d'effet d'assiette, est propre aux instruments modifiant le coût du travail de façon ciblée. On montre que le jeu combiné de ces effets est susceptible d'expliquer la stabilisation de la part de l'emploi peu qualifié constatée en France depuis la mise en œuvre de ces dispositifs. Pour autant, ces mécanismes ont pour inconvénients de freiner les progressions individuelles des salaires et d'interférer avec un autre instrument de politique structurelle, le salaire minimum de croissance.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: Data and metadata provided by Persée are licensed under a Creative Commons "Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0" License

As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 51 (2000)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 499-512

in new window

Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2000_num_51_3_410531
Contact details of provider: Web page:

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2000_num_51_3_410531. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.