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Politique d'infrastructure et choix de localisation dans un modèle de signal

  • Jean-Philippe Tropeano

L'agglomération spatiale des firmes est un phénomène largement débattu en économie géographique. Cet article propose une nouvelle explication à ce phénomène : les entreprises mettent en avant la localisation comme un moyen de signaler un bien nouveau. Accepter la concurrence en se localisant au plus près des entreprises existantes permet de montrer aux consommateurs la valeur du produit vendu. La polarisation géographique, et par là même une plus grande concurrence, sert de faire-valoir à une innovation. On montre que la firme innovante se localise dans la même région que la firme concurrente uniquement si le produit qu'elle propose est suffisamment innovant. Le critère de raffinement "K-undefeated" assure l'unicité de l'équilibre semi-séparateur. La polarisation de l'activité est uniquement im¬putable à l'asymétrie d'information. Cette forte polarisation doit inciter les autorités supra-régionales à privilégier plutôt les infrastructures de désen-clavement qui se traduisent par une forte baisse des coûts de transport. En effet, une faible baisse du coût de transport peut se traduire par une baisse du bien-être total.

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Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Recherches économiques de Louvain.

Volume (Year): 69 (2003)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 407-438

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reldbu:rel_694_0407
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  1. Ottaviano, Gianmarco & Thisse, Jacques-François, 1998. "Agglomeration and Trade Revisited," CEPR Discussion Papers 1903, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Edward Glaeser, 1997. "Learning in Cities," NBER Working Papers 6271, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  4. Guy Dumais & Glenn Ellison & Edward L. Glaeser, 2002. "Geographic Concentration As A Dynamic Process," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(2), pages 193-204, May.
  5. Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1998. "Innovation in Cities: Science-Based Diversity, Specialization and Localized Competition," CEPR Discussion Papers 1980, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  8. Martin, Philippe & Rogers, Carol Ann, 1995. "Industrial location and public infrastructure," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3-4), pages 335-351, November.
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