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Tic et économie de la proximité : organisation et localisation de la recherche & développement au sein des entreprises globales

Listed author(s):
  • Bernadette Madeuf
  • Denis Carré
  • Gilliane Lefebvre
  • Christian Milelli

The main hypothesis of this paper is that ICTs influence on location choices of R&D activities is only secondary. ICTs impact has been so far considered mainly in terms of a trade off between geographical and organisational proximity. Here we propose to add to these two dimensions of proximity, a third dimension : cognitive proximity. ICTs influence has to be analysed according to these three dimensions. Concerning the third dimension , ICT are modifying conditions and functioning of R&D activities from inside, because they are transforming parameters characterizing cognitive proximity. Therefore, their impact on location and organization of enterprises R&D depends on industries and types of research activities. Furthermore, ICT are playing a central role in rising the efficiency of the process of innovation production, by modifying quality, costs and length of research processes, particularly in the case of “ extended research centers”.

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Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Innovations.

Volume (Year): 21 (2005)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 243-272

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Handle: RePEc:cai:inndbu:inno_021_0243
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  1. Pierre-Jean Benghozi, 2001. "Relations interentreprises et nouveaux modèles d'affaires," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 52(7), pages 165-190.
  2. Dupuy, Claude & Gilly, Jean-Pierre, 1999. "Industrial Groups and Territories: The Case of Matra-Marconi-Space in Toulouse," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(2), pages 207-223, March.
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