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Innovation et proximité entreprises, entrepreneurs et milieux innovateurs (Innovation and proximity enterprises, entrepreneurs and clusters)


  • Dimitri Uzunidis

    () (labrii, ULCO)


La nature systémique des relations qui caractérisent un milieu économique et social explique en effet ce qui favorise ou non l’acte d’innover. Seulement, doit-on réduire l’innovation, produit du milieu, aux seuls échanges inter-individuels débouchant sur une nouvelle combinaison productive ? Résulte-t-elle uniquement d’une organisation spécifique des relations économiques ? Notre thèse est que la systémique du milieu ne se réfère pas uniquement aux interactions économiques mais prend aussi en considération les structures sociales qui sont à l’origine de ces comportements innovateurs. Or, les institutions (État, collectivités locales) tiennent un rôle significatif dans l’organisation et l’évolution des structures socio-économiques. Et en retour le milieu innovateur contribue à la performance innovante des entreprises par l’offre des ressources scientifiques et techniques qu’il peut organiser. The systemic nature of the relationships which characterise an economic and social milieu explains what gives (or not) incentives to innovation. However, should we reduce innovation, product of the milieu, only to inter-individual exchanges resulting in a new productive combination? Is innovation only the result of a specific organisation of economic relations? Our thesis is that the systemic of the milieu does not only refer to economic interactions but also takes into account the social structures which are at the origin of innovative behaviours. However, institutions (the State, local authorities) play an important role in the organisation and the evolution of socio-economic structures. In turn, the innovative milieu contributes to the innovative results of enterprises, thanks to the supply management of scientific and technical resources.

Suggested Citation

  • Dimitri Uzunidis, 2007. "Innovation et proximité entreprises, entrepreneurs et milieux innovateurs (Innovation and proximity enterprises, entrepreneurs and clusters)," Working Papers 144, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  • Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:144

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sophie Boutillier, 2001. "L'utilité marginale de l'entrepreneur," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 13(1), pages 17-42.
    2. Blandine Laperche, 2002. "The Four Key Factors for Commercialising Research: The Case of a Young University in a Region in Crisis," Higher Education Management and Policy, OECD Publishing, vol. 14(3), pages 149-175.
    3. Lionel Fontagné & Jean-Hervé Lorenzi, 2005. "Désindustrialisation, délocalisations," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00310930, HAL.
    4. Giovanni Dosi & Christopher Freeman & Richard Nelson & Gerarld Silverberg & Luc Soete (ed.), 1988. "Technical Change and Economic Theory," LEM Book Series, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy, number dosietal-1988.
    5. repec:dau:papers:123456789/129 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Richardson, G B, 1972. "The Organisation of Industry," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 82(327), pages 883-896, September.
    7. Bernadette Madeuf & Denis Carré & Gilliane Lefebvre & Christian Milelli, 2005. "Tic et économie de la proximité : organisation et localisation de la recherche & développement au sein des entreprises globales," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 21(1), pages 243-272.
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    More about this item


    innovations; enterprise; clusters; entrepreneurs;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O25 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy
    • Z10 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - General


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