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Rethinking the Kantian Peace: Evidence from a Liberal, Moderate, and Conservative Measure of Norm Diffusion


  • Millard Matt

    () (Center for Peace and Security Studies, University of California, San Diego, USA)


This article revisits in today’s global setting the debate among international relations scholars over the so-called Kantian or democratic peace. In particular, it argues that findings made by S. M. Mitchell in a seminal 2002 article in the American Journal of Political Science regarding the diffusion of norms via third party conflict resolution relied upon a questionable methodology and now require belated revision. An alternative measure of norm diffusion would rely upon the proportion of democratic states, particularly contiguous states, in a given region. Moreover, a more detailed look at such diffusion after 1945 suggests important differences over the viability of democratic peace, especially regarding state behavior outside the Western Hemisphere.

Suggested Citation

  • Millard Matt, 2018. "Rethinking the Kantian Peace: Evidence from a Liberal, Moderate, and Conservative Measure of Norm Diffusion," New Global Studies, De Gruyter, vol. 12(3), pages 325-341, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:nglost:v:12:y:2018:i:3:p:325-341:n:3

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