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On Cyclical Industry Evolution in Agricultural Biotechnology R&D


  • Oehmke James F

    (Michigan State University)

  • Wolf Christopher A

    (Michigan State University)

  • Raper Kellie Curry

    (Michigan State University)


Over the past twenty years, the R&D-based agricultural biotechnology industry has exhibited cyclical behavior in consolidation. This paper provides a positive, theoretical model of endogenous R&D, in which the number of firms engaged in R&D exhibits cyclical behavior. Additional, empirically testable, behavioral characteristics of the model cycle include: the level of R&D activity is pro-cyclical, mergers and acquisitions activity and the time to discovery of the next innovation are counter-cyclical, and the duration of cyclic peaks (periods of high firm numbers) is short relative to periods of low firm numbers. The implication that the distribution of firm numbers over time is multi-modal is consistent with empirical evidence and is in contrast to studies of firm numbers in other industries. One policy implication is that anti-trust actions in agricultural biotechnology should be based on observed persistent, rather than cyclic, concentration.

Suggested Citation

  • Oehmke James F & Wolf Christopher A & Raper Kellie Curry, 2005. "On Cyclical Industry Evolution in Agricultural Biotechnology R&D," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 3(2), pages 1-27, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:bjafio:v:3:y:2005:i:2:n:1

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Segerstrom, Paul S, 1991. "Innovation, Imitation, and Economic Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(4), pages 807-827, August.
    2. Oehmke, James F. & Wolf, Christopher A., 2004. "Is Monsanto Leaving Money on the Table? Monopoly Pricing and Bt Cotton Value with Heterogeneous Adopters," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 36(03), December.
    3. Ewald Walterskirchen & et al., 1998. "Export-led Economic Growth. Austria's Economy in 1997," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 71(4), pages 239-280, April.
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