A Duopoly Model of Political Agency with Applications to Anti-Corruption Reform
Using a theoretical model of political competition between two candidates who could differ in their (unverifiable) ability to produce public good, popularity, and ethics, I study the effectiveness of three commonly discussed anti-corruption reforms (higher salaries, higher penalties, and constitutional constraints on fiscal policy). In the model, each candidate proposes an income tax rate and a public good level. The difference between the collected taxes and the cost of public good is stolen by the elected politician. The voting decision is probabilistic. I show that under certain conditions each reform could increase the level of corruption or reduce the voter's welfare through other channels.
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Volume (Year): 9 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 (December)
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