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House Price Growth, Collateral Constraints and the Accumulation of Homeowner Debt in the United States

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  • Disney Richard

    () (University of Nottingham)

  • Gathergood John

    () (University of Nottingham)

Abstract

Using household panel data, we present evidence on the relationship between house price growth and household indebtedness among homeowners in the United States for the period 1999 to 2007. We posit an underlying mechanism whereby rising housing wealth allows households to increase their collateralised borrowing. Over the period, we find that roughly one-fifth of the growth in indebtedness among U.S. households can be explained by rising house prices. This housing wealth–indebtedness link is stronger among the minority of households that were initially “collateral constrained.”

Suggested Citation

  • Disney Richard & Gathergood John, 2011. "House Price Growth, Collateral Constraints and the Accumulation of Homeowner Debt in the United States," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 11(1), pages 1-30, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejmac:v:11:y:2011:i:1:n:29
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Case Karl E. & Quigley John M. & Shiller Robert J., 2005. "Comparing Wealth Effects: The Stock Market versus the Housing Market," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 5(1), pages 1-34, May.
    2. Buiter, Willem H., 2010. "Housing wealth isn't wealth," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 4, pages 1-29.
    3. Ortalo-Magne, Francois & Rady, Sven, 2004. "Housing transactions and macroeconomic fluctuations: a case study of England and Wales," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 287-303, December.
    4. Richard Disney & Sarah Bridges & John Gathergood, 2010. "House Price Shocks and Household Indebtedness in the United Kingdom," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 77(307), pages 472-496, July.
    5. Hurst, Erik & Stafford, Frank, 2004. "Home Is Where the Equity Is: Mortgage Refinancing and Household Consumption," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 36(6), pages 985-1014, December.
    6. Atif Mian & Amir Sufi, 2009. "The Consequences of Mortgage Credit Expansion: Evidence from the U.S. Mortgage Default Crisis," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 124(4), pages 1449-1496.
    7. Atif Mian & Amir Sufi, 2011. "House Prices, Home Equity-Based Borrowing, and the US Household Leverage Crisis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(5), pages 2132-2156, August.
    8. Atif Mian & Amir Sufi & Francesco Trebbi, 2010. "The Political Economy of the US Mortgage Default Crisis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(5), pages 1967-1998, December.
    9. Ortalo-Magne, Francois & Rady, Sven, 2004. "Housing Transactions and Macroeconomic Fluctuations: A Case Study of England," 2004 Meeting Papers 207c, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    10. Richard Disney & John Gathergood & Andrew Henley, 2010. "House Price Shocks, Negative Equity, and Household Consumption in the United Kingdom," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 8(6), pages 1179-1207, December.
    11. Orazio P. Attanasio & Laura Blow & Robert Hamilton & Andrew Leicester, 2009. "Booms and Busts: Consumption, House Prices and Expectations," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 76(301), pages 20-50, February.
    12. Engelhardt, Gary V., 1996. "House prices and home owner saving behavior," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3-4), pages 313-336, June.
    13. Jeremy C. Stein, 1995. "Prices and Trading Volume in the Housing Market: A Model with Down-Payment Effects," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(2), pages 379-406.
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    Cited by:

    1. Roberto Pancrazi & Mario Pietrunti, 2014. "Natural Expectations and Home Equity Extraction," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 984, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    2. Chao He & Randall Wright & Yu Zhu, 2015. "Housing and Liquidity," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 18(3), pages 435-455, July.
    3. Neil Bhutta & Benjamin J. Keys, 2016. "Interest Rates and Equity Extraction during the Housing Boom," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 106(7), pages 1742-1774, July.
    4. repec:eee:jbfina:v:83:y:2017:i:c:p:121-134 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:bla:econom:v:85:y:2018:i:339:p:449-478 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Richard Disney & John Gathergood, 2018. "House Prices, Wealth Effects and Labour Supply," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 85(339), pages 449-478, July.
    7. Kartashova, Katya & Tomlin, Ben, 2017. "House prices, consumption and the role of non-Mortgage debt," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 121-134.

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