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Evaluating Voluntary Measures with Treatment Spillovers: The Case of Coal Combustion Products Partnership

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  • Lange Ian

    () (University of Stirling)

Abstract

Voluntary measures have traditionally been evaluated using a similar framework regardless of their structure. The framework assumes that the measure provides partners with a treatment (information, research support, etc.) that will not be transferred to non-partners. In this framework, a voluntary measure is said to be worthwhile if differences are significant between the behavior of partners and non-partners, correcting for the potential endogeneity of becoming a partner. However, voluntary measures take many different forms, some which are expected to have transfers to non-partners (spillovers). The Coal Combustion Products Partnership (C2P2) is a U.S. voluntary program with a structure that is likely to provide treatment spillovers to non-partners. This paper evaluates C2P2 and tests whether treatment spillovers are affecting non-partners' behavior. Results are consistent with a program that would traditionally be considered unsuccessful, but the consideration of treatment spillovers makes it consistent with a successful program.

Suggested Citation

  • Lange Ian, 2009. "Evaluating Voluntary Measures with Treatment Spillovers: The Case of Coal Combustion Products Partnership," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 9(1), pages 1-22, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejeap:v:9:y:2009:i:1:n:36
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    10. Arimura, Toshi H. & Darnall, Nicole & Katayama, Hajime, 2009. "Is ISO 14001 a Gateway to More Advanced Voluntary Action? A Case for Green Supply Chain Management," Discussion Papers dp-09-05, Resources For the Future.
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    Cited by:

    1. Andreas Ferrara and Ian Lange, 2014. "Voluntary Programs to Encourage Diffusion: The Case of the Combined Heat-and-Power Partnership," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 1).
    2. repec:spr:jbecon:v:87:y:2017:i:9:d:10.1007_s11573-017-0862-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Shanti Gamper-Rabindran & Stephen Finger, 2013. "Does industry self-regulation reduce pollution? Responsible Care in the chemical industry," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 43(1), pages 1-30, January.
    4. Daniel Matisoff, 2015. "Sources of specification errors in the assessment of voluntary environmental programs: understanding program impacts," Policy Sciences, Springer;Society of Policy Sciences, vol. 48(1), pages 109-126, March.

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