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Multinational Firms and Plant Divestiture

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  • Pehr-Johan Norbäck
  • Ayça Tekin-Koru
  • Andreas Waldkirch

Abstract

Multinational firms not only make acquisitions, but also frequently divest affiliates. Affiliate divestiture is the result of many factors, some internal and some external to the firm. Using detailed confidential survey data of Swedish multinationals, we are able to examine divestiture decisions within the context of the world-wide affiliate network of the firm. In contrast, most existing studies of multinational exit focus on one country only. A model of mergers and acquisitions with financing constraints generates predictions regarding the correlation between affiliate size and the decision to sell. Consistent with this theory, we find that larger affiliates are more likely to be divested, but an increase in relative size of an affiliate reduces the probability of divestiture. Additional network characteristics, the presence of other affiliates nearby and sales of affiliates elsewhere, are also positively correlated with divestiture. We find no support for the notion of footloose multinationals.

Suggested Citation

  • Pehr-Johan Norbäck & Ayça Tekin-Koru & Andreas Waldkirch, 2015. "Multinational Firms and Plant Divestiture," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(5), pages 811-845, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:23:y:2015:i:5:p:811-845
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    1. repec:spr:weltar:v:153:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s10290-017-0281-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Laura Resmini & Giuseppe Vittucci, 2016. "Home country bias in divestment decisions of multinational corporations in the EU," ERSA conference papers ersa16p220, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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