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Outsourcing and the Heckscher-Ohlin Model

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  • Ravi Batra
  • Hamid Beladi

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to incorporate the currently mushrooming phenomenon of outsourcing into the standard two-sector, two-factor Heckscher-Ohlin model of international trade. We first show how outsourcing modifies a firm's production function, and then demonstrate that outsourcing generally raises the return to capital and lowers the real wage, although the nation's GDP rises in proportion to the value-added in the outsourcing industry. Furthermore, the output of the outsourcing sector may actually fall even though its unit cost goes down; the output of the other sector then rises. By contrast, employment in the outsourcing sector may actually rise. Copyright © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Ravi Batra & Hamid Beladi, 2010. "Outsourcing and the Heckscher-Ohlin Model," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(2), pages 277-288, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:18:y:2010:i:2:p:277-288
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sven Arndt, 1999. "Globalization and economic development," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(3), pages 309-318.
    2. Ravi Batra & Hamid Beladi, 2010. "A Simple Two-Sector Model of Outsourcing," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(1), pages 64-73, February.
    3. Wolfgang F. Stolper & Paul A. Samuelson, 1941. "Protection and Real Wages," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 9(1), pages 58-73.
    4. Deardorff, Alan V., 2005. "A trade theorist's take on skilled-labor outsourcing," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 259-271.
    5. Ronald W. Jones, 1965. "The Structure of Simple General Equilibrium Models," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 73, pages 557-557.
    6. Jones, Ronald & Kierzkowski, Henryk & Lurong, Chen, 2005. "What does evidence tell us about fragmentation and outsourcing?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 305-316.
    7. Reza Oladi & Hamid Beladi, 2008. "Is Regionalism Viable? A Case for Global Free Trade," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(2), pages 293-300, May.
    8. Kierzkowski, Henryk, 2005. "Outsourcing and fragmentation: Blessing or threat?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 233-235.
    9. Egger, Hartmut & Egger, Peter, 2005. "Labor market effects of outsourcing under industrial interdependence," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 349-363.
    10. Batra, Raveendra N & Casas, Francisco R, 1973. "Intermediate Products and the Pure Theory of International Trade: A Neo-Heckscher-Ohlin Framework," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(3), pages 297-311, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Barua, Alokesh & Pant, Manoj, 2014. "Trade and wage inequality: A specific factor model with intermediate goods," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 172-185.
    2. Choi, E. Kwan & Choi, Jai-Young, 2013. "Financial advantage, outsourcing and FDI under wage uncertainty," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 260-267.
    3. Anwar, Sajid, 2013. "Outsourcing and the skilled–unskilled wage gap," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 118(2), pages 347-350.
    4. Pi, Jiancai & Zhou, Yu, 2013. "Institutional quality and skilled–unskilled wage inequality," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 356-363.
    5. Anwar, Sajid & Sun, Sizhong & Valadkhani, Abbas, 2013. "International outsourcing of skill intensive tasks and wage inequality," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 590-597.
    6. Choi, Jai-Young, 2016. "International outsourcing, terms of trade and non-immiserization," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 222-233.

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