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International Trade and the Connection between Excess Demand and Inflation

Author

Listed:
  • Albert S. Dexter
  • Maurice D. Levi
  • Barrie R. Nault

Abstract

This paper demonstrates that globalization, taking the form of a higher import component of consumption and a larger export component of GDP, is the cause of the apparent breakdown in the relationship between excess demand and inflation. Within a parsimonious empirical framework, we show that increasing openness of the US economy is all that is needed to re-establish the relationship between inflation and capacity utilization. We also show that international trade has a significant separate influence on inflation, and is important for identifying a Phillips curve relationship between unemployment and inflation. Copyright Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2005.

Suggested Citation

  • Albert S. Dexter & Maurice D. Levi & Barrie R. Nault, 2005. "International Trade and the Connection between Excess Demand and Inflation," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(4), pages 699-708, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:13:y:2005:i:4:p:699-708
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hamid Baghestani, 2008. "Predicting capacity utilization: Federal Reserve vs time-series models," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 32(1), pages 47-57, January.
    2. Joseph P. Byrne & Fatima Kaneez & Alexandros Kontonikas, 2010. "Inflation and Globalisation: A Dynamic Factor Model with Stochastic Volatility," Working Papers 2010_09, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
    3. repec:rss:jnljee:v4i1p5 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Jane E. Ihrig & Steven B. Kamin & Deborah J. Lindner & Jaime R. Marquez, 2007. "Some simple tests of the globalization and inflation hypothesis," International Finance Discussion Papers 891, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    5. Eggoh, Jude C. & Khan, Muhammad, 2014. "On the nonlinear relationship between inflation and economic growth," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 133-143.
    6. Ernst Glatzer & Ernest Gnan & Maria Teresa Valderrama, 2006. "Globalization, Import Prices and Producer Prices in Austria," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 3, pages 24-43.
    7. Jane Ihrig & Steven B. Kamin & Deborah Lindner & Jaime Marquez, 2010. "Some Simple Tests of the Globalization and Inflation Hypothesis," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(3), pages 343-375, Winter.

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