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Does North-South Integration Affect Multinational Firms' Strategies?

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  • Sylvie Montout
  • Habib Zitouna

Abstract

This paper aims to develop a theoretical model that shows how a firm's decision to make a foreign direct investment is influenced by a North-South regional economic integration. Our results suggest that tariff-jumping and export-platform strategies depend on a tradeoff between variable trade costs and fixed costs, in addition to wage differences. Furthermore, insiders may affect the strategic location of outsiders by dampening the market accessibility advantages induced by the trade liberalization process, which results in an eviction of the outsiders from the area. This effect, however, depends heavily on the level of fixed costs. Indeed, a decrease in the costs of implanting in the low-wage country gives the insiders a first-mover advantage that allows them to later evict their competitors. Copyright Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2005..

Suggested Citation

  • Sylvie Montout & Habib Zitouna, 2005. "Does North-South Integration Affect Multinational Firms' Strategies?," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(3), pages 485-500, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:13:y:2005:i:3:p:485-500
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Blomström, Magnus & Kokko, Ari, 1997. "Regional Integration and Foreign Direct Investment," CEPR Discussion Papers 1659, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Bruce A. Blonigen & Robert C. Feenstra, 1997. "Protectionist Threats and Foreign Direct Investment," NBER Chapters,in: The Effects of U.S. Trade Protection and Promotion Policies, pages 55-80 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Blomstrom, Magnus & Kokko, Ari, 1997. "Regional integration and foreign direct investment : a conceptual framework and three cases," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1750, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:zbw:ifweej:201722 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Scoppola, Margherita, 2006. "Regional integration and production location: what theories (do not) tell us," Working Papers 18862, TRADEAG - Agricultural Trade Agreements.
    3. repec:bla:reviec:v:25:y:2017:i:4:p:733-759 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Jean-François HOARAU, 2009. "Investissements Directs Étrangers Et Intégration Régionale : Un État Des Lieux Pour Le Marché Commun D’Afrique De L’Est Et Du Sud," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 29, pages 69-103.
    5. Antonios Georgopoulos & Felicitas Nowak-Lehmann D. & Vasilios Sogiakas, 2013. "Survival Characteristics and Adjustment of MNE Affiliates in the European Integrated Market," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 225, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
    6. Tanaka, Kiyoyasu & Arita, Shawn, 2016. "The impact of regional investment liberalization on foreign direct investment: A firm-level simulation assessment," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 37, pages 17-26.
    7. Shawn ARITA & TANAKA Kiyoyasu, 2013. "Regional Investment Liberalization and FDI," Discussion papers 13088, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    8. Nguyen-Huu, Thanh Tam & Nguyen-Khac, Minh, 2017. "Impacts of export-platform FDI on backward linkages - Do third country size, trade agreements and heterogeneity of firms matter? Evidence from the Vietnamese supporting industries," Economics Discussion Papers 2017-21, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    9. Huu Thanh Tam Nguyen & Nguyen Khac, 2013. "Demand creation and competition effect of Export-platform FDI on backward linkages - Evidence from panel data analysis of Vietnamese supporting industries," Documents de recherche 13-02, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.

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