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Competition for scarce resources

Author

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  • Péter Eső
  • Volker Nocke
  • Lucy White

Abstract

We model a downstream industry where firms compete to buy capacity in an upstream market which allocates capacity efficiently. Although downstream firms have symmetric production technologies, we show that industry structure is symmetric only if capacity is sufficiently scarce. Otherwise it is asymmetric, with one large, fat, capacity-hoarding firm and a fringe of smaller, lean, capacity-constrained firms. As demand varies, the industry switches between symmetric and asymmetric phases, generating predictions for firm size and costs across the business cycle. Surprisingly, increasing available capacity can cause a reduction in output and consumer surplus by resulting in such a switch. Copyright (c) 2010, RAND.

Suggested Citation

  • Péter Eső & Volker Nocke & Lucy White, 2010. "Competition for scarce resources," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 41(3), pages 524-548.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:randje:v:41:y:2010:i:3:p:524-548
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    Cited by:

    1. Yong-Bo Wang & Jin-Ray Lu, 2016. "A Supply-Lock Competitive Market for Investable Products," Asian Development Policy Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 4(4), pages 127-133, December.
    2. repec:eee:indorg:v:53:y:2017:i:c:p:63-98 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Bård Harstad, 2010. "Buy Coal! Deposit Markets Prevent Carbon Leakage," CESifo Working Paper Series 2992, CESifo Group Munich.
    4. M von der Fehr, Nils-Henrik, 2011. "Leader, Or Just Dominant? The Dominant-Firm Model Revisited," Memorandum 15/2010, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
    5. Péter Eső & Volker Nocke & Lucy White, 2010. "Competition for scarce resources," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 41(3), pages 524-548.
    6. Noriaki Matsushima & Laixun Zhao, 2010. "Multimarket linkages, buyer power, and the productivity puzzle," ISER Discussion Paper 0797, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
    7. repec:bla:randje:v:48:y:2017:i:4:p:906-926 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Huettel, Silke & Margarian, Anne & von Schlippenbach, Vanessa, 2010. "Regional asymmetries in farm size," 114th Seminar, April 15-16, 2010, Berlin, Germany 62046, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    9. Roberto Burguet & Jozsef Sakovics, 2016. "Bidding for input in oligopoly," ESE Discussion Papers 266, Edinburgh School of Economics, University of Edinburgh.
    10. Simon Loertscher & Markus Reisinger, 2014. "Market structure and the competitive effects of vertical integration," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 45(3), pages 471-494, September.
    11. Roberto Burguet & József Sákovics, 2017. "Competitive foreclosure," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 48(4), pages 906-926, December.
    12. Jin‐Hyuk Kim, 2014. "Employee Poaching: Why It Can Be Predatory," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 35(5), pages 309-317, July.
    13. Nicolas Gruyer & Kevin Guittet, 2008. "A model of airport slot allocation with posted prices," Economics Working Papers 05, LEEA (air transport economics laboratory), ENAC (french national civil aviation school).
    14. Simon Loertscher & Leslie Marx, 2014. "An Oligopoly Model for Analyzing and Evaluating (Re)-Assignments of Spectrum Licenses," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 45(3), pages 245-273, November.
    15. Nie, Pu-yan & Chen, You-hua, 2012. "Duopoly competitions with capacity constrained input," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 1715-1721.
    16. Stefan Kersting & JProf. Silke Huettel & Prof. Martin Odening, 2013. "Structural change in agriculture – an equilibrium approach," EcoMod2013 5300, EcoMod.
    17. Zenger, Hans, 2013. "Competition and collusion with fixed output," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 120(2), pages 259-261.
    18. Pu-yan Nie, 2014. "Effects of capacity constraints on mixed duopoly," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 112(3), pages 283-294, July.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance

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