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Panel Unit-root Tests for Cross-sectionally Correlated Panels: A Monte Carlo Comparison

  • Luciano Gutierrez

This paper deals with the finite-sample performance of a set of unit-root tests for cross-correlated panels. Most of the available macroeconomic time series cover short time periods. The lack of information, in terms of time observations, implies that univariate tests are not powerful enough to reject the null of a unit-root while panel tests, by exploiting the large number of cross-sectional units, have been shown to be a promising way of increasing the power of unit-root tests. We investigate the finite sample properties of recently proposed panel unit-root tests for cross-sectionally correlated panels. Specifically, the size and power of Choi's ["Econometric Theory and Practice: Frontiers of Analysis and Applied Research: Essays in Honor of Peter C. B. Phillips", Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2001)], Bai and Ng's ["Econometrica" (2004), Vol. 72, p. 1127], Moon and Perron's ["Journal of Econometrics" (2004), Vol. 122, p. 81], and Phillips and Sul's ["Econometrics Journal" (2003), Vol. 6, p. 217] tests are analysed by a Monte Carlo simulation study. In synthesis, Moon and Perron's tests show good size and power for different values of "T" and "N", and model specifications. Focusing on Bai and Ng's procedure, the simulation study highlights that the pooled Dickey-Fuller generalized least squares test provides higher power than the pooled augmented Dickey-Fuller test for the analysis of non-stationary properties of the idiosyncratic components. Choi's tests are strongly oversized when the common factor influences the cross-sectional units heterogeneously. Copyright 2006 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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Article provided by Department of Economics, University of Oxford in its journal Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): 68 (2006)
Issue (Month): 4 (08)
Pages: 519-540

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Handle: RePEc:bla:obuest:v:68:y:2006:i:4:p:519-540
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  1. David K. Backus & Patrick J. Kehoe, 1992. "International Evidence on the Historical Properties of Business Cycles," Working Papers 92-5, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
  2. Hyungsik Roger MOON & Benoit PERRON, 2002. "Testing For A Unit Root In Panels With Dynamic Factors," Cahiers de recherche 18-2002, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en ├ęconomie quantitative, CIREQ.
  3. Elliott, Graham & Rothenberg, Thomas J & Stock, James H, 1996. "Efficient Tests for an Autoregressive Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(4), pages 813-36, July.
  4. Maddala, G S & Wu, Shaowen, 1999. " A Comparative Study of Unit Root Tests with Panel Data and a New Simple Test," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(0), pages 631-52, Special I.
  5. Choi, In, 2001. "Unit root tests for panel data," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 249-272, April.
  6. Jushan Bai & Serena Ng, 2000. "Determining the Number of Factors in Approximate Factor Models," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1504, Econometric Society.
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