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The Importance of Industry and Country Effects in the EMU Equity Markets

Author

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  • Miguel Almeida Ferreira
  • Miguel Ângelo Ferreira

Abstract

"Most empirical studies find that country effects are larger than industry effects in stock returns, although industry effects have gained in importance recently. Our results support the dominance of country effects relative to industry and common effects in the EMU equity markets in the 1975-2001 period. However, there is an increasing importance of industry effect relative to country effect in the 1990s. In fact, industry effects is similar in magnitude to country effect in the post-euro period. The evolution of the ratio of country to industry effect is explained by the decrease in the cross-sectional variance of interest rate movements across EMU countries. Thus, there is evidence that nominal convergence has reduced the differences between national equity markets." Copyright Blackwell Publishers Ltd, 2006.

Suggested Citation

  • Miguel Almeida Ferreira & Miguel Ângelo Ferreira, 2006. "The Importance of Industry and Country Effects in the EMU Equity Markets," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 12(3), pages 341-373.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:eufman:v:12:y:2006:i:3:p:341-373
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Dusan Isakov & Frédéric Sonney, 2004. "Are Practitioners Right? On the Relative Importance of Industrial Factors in International Stock Returns," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (SJES), Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES), vol. 140(III), pages 355-379, September.
    2. Hans Dewachter & Marco Lyrio & Konstantijn Maes, 2004. "The Effect of Monetary Unification on German Bond Markets," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 10(3), pages 487-509.
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    Cited by:

    1. Apergis, Nicholas & Christou, Christina & Miller, Stephen M., 2014. "Country and industry convergence of equity markets: International evidence from club convergence and clustering," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 36-58.
    2. Andrew Clare & James Seaton & Peter N. Smith & Stephen Thomas, 2014. "European Equity Investing through the Financial Crisis: Can Risk Parity, Momentum or Trend Following Help to Reduce Tail Risk?," Discussion Papers 14/02, Department of Economics, University of York.
    3. Colm Kearney & Valerio Potì, 2008. "Have European Stocks become More Volatile? An Empirical Investigation of Idiosyncratic and Market Risk in the Euro Area," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 14(3), pages 419-444.
    4. repec:bla:eufman:v:20:y:2014:i:3:p:574-595 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Chou, Hsin-I & Zhao, Jing & Suardi, Sandy, 2014. "Factor reversal in the euro zone stock returns: Evidence from the crisis period," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 28-55.
    6. Boamah, Nicholas Addai & Loudon, Geoffrey & Watts, Edward J., 2017. "Structural breaks in the relative importance of country and industry factors in African stock returns," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 79-88.
    7. Kraeussl, R. & Krause, S., 2011. "Has Europe Been Catching Up? An Industry Level Analysis of Venture Capital Success over 1985 - 2009," Working papers 327, Banque de France.
    8. Bartram, Söhnke M. & Wang, Yaw-Huei, 2015. "European financial market dependence: An industry analysis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 146-163.
    9. repec:eee:jimfin:v:78:y:2017:i:c:p:64-83 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Guglielmo Caporale & Burcu Erdogan & Vladimir Kuzin, 2015. "Testing stock market convergence: a non-linear factor approach," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 42(3), pages 481-498, August.
    11. O'Hagan-Luff, Martha & Berrill, Jenny, 2015. "Why stay-at-home investing makes sense," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 1-14.
    12. Faias, José A. & Ferreira, Miguel A., 2017. "Does institutional ownership matter for international stock return comovement?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 64-83.
    13. Kräussl, Roman & Lehnert, Thorsten & Stefanova, Denitsa, 2016. "The European sovereign debt crisis: What have we learned?," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(PA), pages 363-373.
    14. José G. Dias & Sofia B. Ramos, 2015. "An Analysis of Industry Regimes Synchronization in the Eurozone," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(2), pages 255-273, March.
    15. repec:bla:eufman:v:19:y:2013:i:3:p:429-451 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. repec:luc:wpaper:13-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Joliet, Robert & Hubner, Georges, 2008. "Corporate international diversification and the cost of equity: European evidence," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 102-123, February.
    18. Marcelo, José Luis Miralles & Quirós, José Luis Miralles & Martins, José Luís, 2013. "The role of country and industry factors during volatile times," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 273-290.
    19. Coën, Alain & Desfleurs, Aurélie, 2010. "La précision des analystes financiers en Europe : l’effet pays et l’effet secteur revisités," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 86(2), pages 133-162, juin.
    20. Bai, Ye & Green, Christopher J. & Leger, Lawrence, 2012. "Industry and country factors in emerging market returns: Did the Asian crisis make a difference?," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 559-580.
    21. repec:bla:eufman:v:20:y:2014:i:1:p:179-205 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. repec:bla:eufman:v:20:y:2014:i:1:p:71-106 is not listed on IDEAS
    23. repec:rfa:aefjnl:v:5:y:2018:i:1:p:14-28 is not listed on IDEAS
    24. Pieterse-Bloem, Mary & Mahieu, Ronald J., 2013. "Factor decomposition and diversification in European corporate bond markets," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 194-213.

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