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Energy as an indicator of modernization in Latin America, 1890–1925

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  • M. d. MAR RUBIO
  • CÉSAR YÁÑEZ
  • MAURICIO FOLCHI
  • ALBERT CARRERAS

Abstract

In the absence of comparable macroeconomic indicators for most of the Latin American economies before the 1930s, the apparent consumption of energy is used in this paper as a proxy of the degree of modernization of Latin America and the Caribbean. This paper presents an estimate of the apparent consumption per head of modern energies (coal, petroleum, and hydroelectricity) for 30 countries of the region, 1890 to 1925. As a result, it provides the basis for a quantitative comparative analysis of modernization performance beyond the few countries for which historical national accounts are available in Latin America.

Suggested Citation

  • M. d. MAR RUBIO & CÉSAR YÁÑEZ & MAURICIO FOLCHI & ALBERT CARRERAS, 2010. "Energy as an indicator of modernization in Latin America, 1890–1925," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 63(3), pages 769-804, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ehsrev:v:63:y:2010:i:3:p:769-804
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0289.2009.00463.x
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0289.2009.00463.x
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    Cited by:

    1. Sofia Teives Henriques & Karol J. Borowiecki, 2014. "The Drivers of Long-run CO2 Emissions: A Global Perspective since 1800," Working Papers 0062, European Historical Economics Society (EHES).
    2. Rubio, M.d.Mar & Folchi, Mauricio, 2012. "Will small energy consumers be faster in transition? Evidence from the early shift from coal to oil in Latin America," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 50-61.
    3. Jose Peres Cajias & Marc Badia-Miro & Anna Carreras-Marin, 2012. "Intraregional trade in South America, 1913-50. Economic linkages before institutional agreements," Working Papers in Economics 270, Universitat de Barcelona. Espai de Recerca en Economia.
    4. Ward, Marianne & Devereux, John, 2012. "The Road Not Taken: Pre-Revolutionary Cuban Living Standards in Comparative Perspective," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 72(1), pages 104-132, March.
    5. Rubio, M. del Mar & Tafunell, Xavier, 2014. "Latin American hydropower: A century of uneven evolution," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 323-334.
    6. Henriques, Sofia Teives & Borowiecki, Karol J., 2017. "The drivers of long-run CO2 emissions in Europe, North America and Japan since 1800," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 537-549.
    7. repec:eee:tefoso:v:138:y:2019:i:c:p:69-77 is not listed on IDEAS

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