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NGOs and Environmental Public Goods: Institutional Alternatives to Property Rights


  • Carrie A. Meyer


NGOs are linked to environmental objectives for good reason: non‐profit NGOs provide a flexible, private‐sector answer to the provision of international environmental public goods. The non‐profit sector can link for‐profit, non‐profit, and public‐sector objectives in complex contracts. This article examines how, for the case of the National Biodiversity Institute (INBio) in Costa Rica, such complex contracts with both domestic and international parties provide partial solutions to public goods problems in the absence of private property rights over genetic resources. INBio's ‘monopoly’ position, legitimized by the local government, brings in rents from genetic resources which are reinvested in the production of public goods.

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  • Carrie A. Meyer, 1996. "NGOs and Environmental Public Goods: Institutional Alternatives to Property Rights," Development and Change, International Institute of Social Studies, vol. 27(3), pages 453-474, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:devchg:v:27:y:1996:i:3:p:453-474
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-7660.1996.tb00599.x

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    8. Meyer, Carrie A., 1995. "Opportunism and NGOs: Entrepreneurship and green north-south transfers," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(8), pages 1277-1289, August.
    9. F. M. Scherer, 1993. "Pricing, Profits, and Technological Progress in the Pharmaceutical Industry," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 7(3), pages 97-115, Summer.
    10. Meyer, Carrie A., 1992. "A step back as donors shift institution building from the public to the "private" sector," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 20(8), pages 1115-1126, August.
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    13. John Posnett & Todd Sandler, 1986. "Joint Supply and the Finance of Charitable Activity," Public Finance Review, , vol. 14(2), pages 209-222, April.
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