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Strategic Environmental Management In The Irish Chemical/Pharmaceutical Industry


  • Kevin Byrne
  • Donncha Kavanagh


Business strategy publications about decision‐making have provided a large amount of information on decision‐making relating to market share, competitive advantage, managing change and achieving quality. Nevertheless, little research has been carried out on strategic environmental management. Four in‐depth case studies of environmental strategy formation and implementation in chemical/pharmaceutical companies in Ireland are presented here. A continuum describing the differing levels of strategic environmental management among the companies is developed. The dimensions for the continuum include attitude towards environmental management, compliance record, level of environmental training, environmental department structure and community relationship, among others. The findings suggest that environmentally proactive companies follow a decentralized or holistic approach to environmental management. Furthermore, these companies have developed an environmental philosophy which has been adopted throughout the organization. This philosophy is identified as environmental caring

Suggested Citation

  • Kevin Byrne & Donncha Kavanagh, 1996. "Strategic Environmental Management In The Irish Chemical/Pharmaceutical Industry," Business Strategy and the Environment, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 5(2), pages 106-114, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:bstrat:v:5:y:1996:i:2:p:106-114
    DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-0836(199606)5:23.0.CO;2-7

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Daly, Herman E., 1987. "The economic growth debate: What some economists have learned but many have not," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 323-336, December.
    2. Henry Mintzberg, 1990. "The design school: Reconsidering the basic premises of strategic management," Strategic Management Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(3), pages 171-195, March.
    3. Henry Mintzberg, 1978. "Patterns in Strategy Formation," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 24(9), pages 934-948, May.
    4. Henry Mintzberg & James A. Waters, 1985. "Of strategies, deliberate and emergent," Strategic Management Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(3), pages 257-272, July.
    5. T. H. Tietenberg, 1990. "Using Economic Incentives to Maintain Our Environment," Challenge, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(2), pages 42-46, March.
    6. Barbier, Edward B. & Markandya, Anil, 1990. "The conditions for achieving environmentally sustainable development," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(2-3), pages 659-669, May.
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    1. Vangelis Souitaris & Devashish Pujari, 1998. "Strategic environmental management in the Greek chemical industry: results from an exploratory study of selected companies," Business Strategy and the Environment, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 7(3), pages 134-149, July.

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