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A Global Baltic:Potential Gains from Trade Liberalisation in the Baltic Sea States

Author

Listed:
  • Susanna Kinnman

    () (Economist at the Swedish National Board of Trade)

  • Magnus Lodefalk

    () (Economist at the Swedish National Board of Trade)

Abstract

Though the Baltic Sea countries have displayed substantial reform-facilitated growth and trading activity over the last decade, significant trade barriers still exist. We analyse their implications, using a CGEmodel. Besides the “usual suspects” (tariffs, subsidies, and service barriers) and trade facilitation, we address non-tariff-measures (NTM) in a separate scenario. We find that reforms would substantially boost national income and trade, especially for the group of emerging economies. Income gains are primarily due to elimination of dead-weight losses caused by rules and regulations and improved resource allocation. Jointly, the simulations indicate a move towards services and industrial production and exports.

Suggested Citation

  • Susanna Kinnman & Magnus Lodefalk, 2009. "A Global Baltic:Potential Gains from Trade Liberalisation in the Baltic Sea States," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 9(1), pages 55-79, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:bic:journl:v:9:y:2009:i:1:p:55-79
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Hiau LooiKee & Alessandro Nicita & Marcelo Olarreaga, 2009. "Estimating Trade Restrictiveness Indices," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(534), pages 172-199, January.
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    3. Joseph Francois & Hans Van Meijl & Frank Van Tongeren, 2005. "Trade liberalization in the Doha Development Round," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 20(42), pages 349-391, April.
    4. Rutherford, Thomas & Tarr, David & Shepotylo, Oleksandr, 2005. "Poverty effects of Russia's WTO accession : modeling"real"households and endogenous productivity effects," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3473, The World Bank.
    5. Piermartini, Roberta & Teh, Robert, 2005. "Demystifying modelling methods for trade policy," WTO Discussion Papers 10, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    6. Pekka Sulamaa & Mika Widgrén, 2004. "EU-Enlargement and Beyond: A Simulation Study on EU and Russia Integration," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 31(4), pages 307-323, December.
    7. World Bank, 2003. "Global Economic Prospects 2004 : Realizing the Development Promise of the Doha Agenda," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 14782.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    trade liberalisation; CGE; trade facilitation; services; NTM; NTB; Baltic Sea;

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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