An Econometric Evaluation Of Stabilization Policies For The U.S. Grain Market
This paper evaluates stabilization policies by applying methods of stochastic control and dynamic analysis to an econometric model of the U.S. grain market. Its main results are: (1) the aggregate consumer and producer surplus generated by the model is insensitive to the choice of the market regime; (2) policies directed to stabilize prices at levels compatible with nondecreasing farm revenue require the management of both grain inventories and domestic supply; (3) price fluctuations are significantly less under optimal stabilization than in the unregulated version of the model; and (4) historical policies have destabilizing effects on the market model.
Volume (Year): 04 (1979)
Issue (Month): 01 (July)
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- J. P. Houck & M. E. Ryan, 1972. "Supply Analysis for Corn in the United States: The Impact of Changing Government Programs," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 54(2), pages 184-191.
- Kydland, Finn E & Prescott, Edward C, 1977. "Rules Rather Than Discretion: The Inconsistency of Optimal Plans," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 85(3), pages 473-91, June.
- Gordon C. Rausser & John W. Freebairn, 1974. "Approximate Adaptive Control Situations to U.S. Beef Trade Policy," NBER Chapters, in: Annals of Economic and Social Measurement, Volume 3, number 1, pages 177-204 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Paul A. Samuelson, 1972. "The Consumer Does Benefit from Feasible Price Stability," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 86(3), pages 476-493.
- Turnovsky, Stephen J, 1976. "The Distribution of Welfare Gains from Price Stabilization: The Case of Multiplicative Disturbances," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 17(1), pages 133-48, February.
- Houck, James P. & Ryan, Mary E., 1972. "Supply Analysis For Corn In The United States: The Impact Of Changing Government Programs," Staff Papers 13554, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.
- Lucas, Robert Jr, 1976. "Econometric policy evaluation: A critique," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 19-46, January.
- Tweeten, Luther G., 1967. "The Demand for United States Farm Output," Food Research Institute Studies, Stanford University, Food Research Institute, issue 03.
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