ORANI-WINE: Tax Issues and the Australian Wine Industry
In this paper the construction and application of ORANI-WINE is described. This is a special-purpose version of ORANI specifically designed for analysing policy questions bearing upon the alcoholic beverages sector of the Australian economy and on associated agricultural activities, especially viticulture. Details of the modifications made to ORANI are provided, and projections from ORANI-WINE of the effects of the imposition of a specific tax on domestically produced wine, equivalent to that on beer and malt in the base period, are reported. The approximately 58 per cent increase in the purchasers' price of wine induces a 16 per cent reduction in wine output, a two per cent increase in spirit production, but little effect on beer and malt output. Grape industry output is reduced nine per cent. The projections also emphasise mild inflationary effects on the economy, which impinge most severely on the export sectors (agriculture and mining). Rural employment falls two per cent.
Volume (Year): 53 (1985)
Issue (Month): 02 (August)
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- Clements, Kenneth W & Johnson, Lester W, 1983.
"The Demand for Beer, Wine, and Spirits: A Systemwide Analysis,"
The Journal of Business,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 56(3), pages 273-304, July.
- K.W. Clements & L.W. Johnson, 1982. "The Demand for Beer, Wine and Spirits: A system-wide analysis," Economics Discussion / Working Papers 82-12, The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics.
- B. R. Parmenter & G. A. Meagher, 1985. "Policy Analysis Using a Computable General Equilibrium Model: A Review of Experience at the IMPACT Project," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 18(1), pages 3-15.
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