The Demand for Wine and Beer
In this paper annual data series covering 1955-56 to 1978-79 are used to estimate the elasticity of demand for both wine and beer. These are first estimated using a flexible functional form. The habit formation hypothesis and the role of social and demographic factors are also examined. The demand for wine in aggregate is estimated to be relatively price inelastic in the short run, while in the long run it is relatively price elastic. With respect to income, the demand for wine is shown to be relatively highly elastic. For beer, demand with respect to price and income is found to be relatively inelastic in the short run as well as in the long run. These results can be used to evaluate the impact of changes in patterns of consumption and of government taxation policies on the industry.
Volume (Year): 51 (1983)
Issue (Month): 02 (August)
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- K.W. Clements & L.W. Johnson, 1982.
"The Demand for Beer, Wine and Spirits: A system-wide analysis,"
Economics Discussion / Working Papers
82-12, The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics.
- Clements, Kenneth W & Johnson, Lester W, 1983. "The Demand for Beer, Wine, and Spirits: A Systemwide Analysis," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 56(3), pages 273-304, July.
- Labys, Walter C., 1976. "An International Comparison Of Price And Income Elasticities For Wine Consumption," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 20(01), April.
- Brown, Alan & Deaton, Angus S, 1972. "Surveys in Applied Economics: Models of Consumer Behaviour," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 82(328), pages 1145-1236, December.
- Hogarty, Thomas F & Elzinga, Kenneth G, 1972. "The Demand for Beer," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 54(2), pages 195-98, May.
- Savin, N. E. & White, Kenneth J., 1978. "Estimation and testing for functional form and autocorrelation : A simultaneous approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 1-12, August.
- Podder, N, 1971. "Patterns of Household Consumption Expenditures in Australia," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 47(119), pages 379-98, September.
- Johnson, James A & Oksanen, Ernest H, 1977. "Estimation of Demand for Alcoholic Beverages in Canada from Pooled Time Series and Cross Sections," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 59(1), pages 113-18, February.
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