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Credit Risk Assessment and Racial Minority Lending at the Farm Service Agency

Author

Listed:
  • Escalante, Cesar L.
  • Brooks, Rodney L.
  • Epperson, James E.
  • Stegelin, Forrest E.

Abstract

The nature of credit risk assessment and basis of loan approval decisions of the Farm Service Agency are analyzed in the aftermath of the black farmers’ 1997 class action suit against the U.S. Department of Agriculture. This study did not uncover convincing evidence of racial discrimination against nonwhite borrowers under a binomial logistic framework based on the probability of a loan application’s approval. Moreover, the collective use of more stringent and objective credit-scoring measures usually employed by commercial lenders is less evident in the Farm Service Agency’s evaluation of loan applications.

Suggested Citation

  • Escalante, Cesar L. & Brooks, Rodney L. & Epperson, James E. & Stegelin, Forrest E., 2006. "Credit Risk Assessment and Racial Minority Lending at the Farm Service Agency," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 38(01), April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:joaaec:43749
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ellinger, Paul N. & Gustafson, Cole R. & Hanson, Gregory D. & LaDue, Eddy L. & Barry, Peter J. & Splett, Nate & Hanson, Steven D., 1991. "Credit Evaluation Procedures at Agricultural Banks," Proceedings: 1991 Regional Committee NC-161, September 23-24, 1991, St. Louis, Missouri 130939, Regional Research Committee NC-1014: Agricultural and Rural Finance Markets in Transition.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Dixon, Bruce L. & Ahrendsen, Bruce L. & Nwoha, Ogbonnaya John & Hamm, Sandra J. & Danforth, Diana M., 2006. "FSA Direct Farm Loan Program Graduation Rates and Reasons for Exiting," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21452, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    2. Landerito, Aiko O. & Dixon, Bruce L. & Ahrendsen, Bruce L. & Hamm, Sandra J. & Danforth, Diana M., 2009. "Analyzing FSA Direct Loan Borrower Payback Histories: Predictors of Financial Improvement and Loan Servicing Actions," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49340, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    3. Tyler, Shakara S. & Moore, Eddie A., 2013. "Plight of Black Farmers in the Context of USDA Farm Loan Programs: A Research Agenda for the Future," Professional Agricultural Workers Journal (PAWJ), Professional Agricultural Workers Conference, vol. 1(1).
    4. Escalante, Cesar L. & Epperson, James E. & Raghunathan, Uthra, 2008. "Investigating Gender Bias in Farm Service Agency’s Lending Decisions," Proceedings: 2007 Agricultural and Rural Finance Markets in Transition, October 4-5, 2007, St. Louis, Missouri 48144, Regional Research Committee NC-1014: Agricultural and Rural Finance Markets in Transition.
    5. Quaye, Frederick & Hartarska, Valentina & Nadolnyak, Denis, 2015. "Farmer Credit Delinquency in Southeastern US: Factors and Behavior Prediction," 2015 Annual Meeting, January 31-February 3, 2015, Atlanta, Georgia 196914, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    6. Escalante, Cesar L. & Epperson, James E. & Raghunathan, Uthra, 2009. "Gender Bias Claims in Farm Service Agency’s Lending Decisions," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 34(2), August.
    7. Wu, Ya & Escalante, Cesar L. & Gunter, Lewell F. & Epperson, James E., 2009. "A Decomposition Approach To Analyzing Racial And Gender Biases," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49308, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    8. Bruce L. Dixon & Bruce L. Ahrendsen & Brandon R. McFadden & Diana M. Danforth & Monica Foianini & Sandra J. Hamm, 2011. "Competing risks models of Farm Service Agency seven-year direct operating loans," Agricultural Finance Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 71(1), pages 5-24, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    binomial logistic regression; credit risk; credit-scoring model; direct lending; Farm Service Agency; guaranteed lending; racial bias; Agricultural Finance; Risk and Uncertainty; G20; G21; G28; Q10; Q14;

    JEL classification:

    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • Q14 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Finance

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