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The Development of Agricultural Production Cooperatives in Russia


  • Golovina, Svetlana
  • Nilsson, Jerker
  • Wolz, Axel


After the break-up of the Soviet Union, many collective farms (kolkhozes and sovkhozes) were transformed into agricultural production cooperatives. Two decades later, most of these production cooperatives are still in operation. Although they face problems as regards wage levels, profitability, and productivity, they are strong in many regions of Russia and within many branches of agriculture. The continued existence of such agricultural production cooperatives puzzles many Western economists. This paper attempts to provide an explanation in terms of the history of Russian cooperatives in the agricultural sector and of the institutional conditions prevailing during the establishment of the current generation of agricultural production cooperatives.

Suggested Citation

  • Golovina, Svetlana & Nilsson, Jerker & Wolz, Axel, 2012. "The Development of Agricultural Production Cooperatives in Russia," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 40(1), pages 1-17.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:jlorco:249359
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.249359

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Michael Boehlje & Jay Akridge & Dave Downey, 1995. "Restructuring agribusiness for the 21st century," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(6), pages 493-500.
    2. Golovina, Svetlana & Nilsson, Jerker, 2009. "Russian Agricultural Producers’ Views of Top-Down Organized Cooperatives," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 37(2), pages 1-17.
    3. Jürgen Wandel, 2011. "Business groups and competition in post-Soviet transition economies: The case of Russian “agroholdings”," The Review of Austrian Economics, Springer;Society for the Development of Austrian Economics, vol. 24(4), pages 403-450, December.
    4. Wolz, Axel & Kopsidis, Michael & Reinsberg, Klaus, 2009. "The Transformation of Agricultural Production Cooperatives in East Germany and Their Future," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 37(1), pages 1-15.
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    Cited by:

    1. Golovina, Svetlana & Hess, Sebastian & Nilsson, Jerker & Wolz, Axel, 2019. "Networking among Russian farmers and their prospects for success," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 484-499.


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