The Evolution of Grain Trading Organizations in Australia: Applying the Cooperative Life Cycle
Cookâ€™s (1995) life cycle theory of cooperatives predicts a rise and fall of cooperatives over time. He argues that cooperatives arise as a response, by producers or consumers, to some form of inefficiency in a market structure, for example an oligopoly. In such a market, the cooperative can thrive by replacing the ineffective firms until other firms or institutions or technology come along and deliver even better service. When this happens, the cooperativeâ€™s ownership and control features may hamper its ability to grow and compete. According to Cook, the cooperative will eventually need to change in order to accommodate investors, or it will be forced to exit the market. This article considers the case of Australiaâ€™s grain market within Cookâ€™s framework to see if it has behaved as predicted and where it is heading in terms of responding to the needs of the agents in the market chain. In the 1980s Australiaâ€™s grain cooperatives and institutions faced challenges from deregulation and changing market structure that exposed extensive inefficiency in the traditional cooperative ownership arrangements. This article will review the origins, successes and eventual transformation of Australiaâ€™s major grain marketing institutions.
Volume (Year): (2008)
Issue (Month): 09 ()
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- Chaddad, Fabio Ribas & Cook, Michael L., 2002. "An Ownership Rights Typology Of Cooperative Models," Working Papers 26032, University of Missouri Columbia, Department of Agricultural Economics.
- Fulton, Murray E. & Gibbings, Julie, 2000. "Response And Adaption: Canadian Agricultural Co-Operatives In The 21st Century," Miscellaneous Publications 31768, University of Saskatchewan, Centre for the Study of Co-operatives.
- Ryan, Timothy J., 1994. "Marketing Australia's Wheat Crop: The Way Ahead," Review of Marketing and Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 62(01), April.
- Michael L. Cook, 1995. "The Future of U.S. Agricultural Cooperatives: A Neo-Institutional Approach," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 77(5), pages 1153-1159.
- Watson, Alistair S., 1999. "Grain marketing and National Competition Policy: reform or reaction?," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 43(4), December.
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