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Perspectives On Assessing The Impacts Of Improved Agricultural Technologies In Developing Countries

Author

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  • Hardaker, J. Brian
  • Anderson, Jock R.
  • Dillon, John L.

Abstract

While the role of technical change in agriculture is seen differently by protagonists of different theories of development, the processes of technology generation and uptake are widely seen as progressive. In this vein, agricultural technology assessment is seen as contributing to research policy and management and also to the formulation, monitoring and evaluation of broader rural development policies and programs. A need for both farm-level and aggregate-level assessments is identified, and methods applied at each level are reviewed. At the farm level, some insights are provided by the farming systems research approach leading to recognition of a changed role for economists in farm-level impact assessment. At the aggregate level, the problems of tracing out all the important consequences of a technical innovation can be severe. Analysts will generally need to account for general equilibrium effects, distorted prices and welfare considerations, as well as the dynamic interaction between technology and institutions. In the light of the discussion, an agenda of unfinished business for agricultural economists is suggested.

Suggested Citation

  • Hardaker, J. Brian & Anderson, Jock R. & Dillon, John L., 1984. "Perspectives On Assessing The Impacts Of Improved Agricultural Technologies In Developing Countries," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 28(02-03).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:ajaeau:22436
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gallagher, Marcos & Goetz, Stephan J. & Debertin, David L., 1997. "Efficiency Effects of Institutional Factors: Limited-Resource Farms in Northeast Argentina," Occasional Paper Series No. 7 198047, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Wegener, Malcolm Keith, 1995. "Modelling studies in the Australian sugar industry," Dissertations-Doctoral 253208, AgEcon Search.
    3. Ryan, James G., 1984. "Efficiency And Equity Considerations In The Design Of Agricultural Technology In Developing Countries," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 28(02-03).
    4. Patrick, I.W. & Vere, D.T., 1994. "Ex ante assessment of the returns to livestock disease control in Indonesia," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 11(1), September.
    5. Tauer, Loren W., 1990. "Ex-ante Economic Assessment of Agriculture Biotechnology," Staff Papers 121528, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
    6. Torkamani, Javad, 2005. "Using a whole-farm modelling approach to assess prospective technologies under uncertainty," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 85(2), pages 138-154, August.

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