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Market Discipline during Crisis: Evidence from Bank Depositors in Transition Countries

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  • Hasan, Iftekhar
  • Jackowicz, Krzysztof
  • Kowalewski, Oskar
  • Kozłowski, Łukasz

Abstract

The Central European banking industry is dominated by foreign-owned banks. During the recent crisis, for the first time since the transition, foreign parent companies were frequently in worse financial conditions than their subsidiaries. This situation created a unique opportunity to study new aspects of depositor discipline. In this article, we investigate whether depositors flexibly accommodated to the changing sources of risk. We also analyse the informational foundations of depositors’ decisions. Using a comprehensive data set, we find that the recent crisis did not change the sensitivity of deposit growth rates to accounting risk measures. We establish that depositors’ actions were much more strongly influenced by press rumours concerning parent companies than by fundamentals, and that the impact of rumours on deposit growth rates was highly economically significant. Additionally, we document that public aid announcements were interpreted by depositors primarily as a confirmation of a parent company’s financial distress. Our results have important policy implications, as depositor discipline is usually the only viable and universal source of market discipline for banks in emerging economies.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 43693.

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Date of creation: 13 Jul 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:43693

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Keywords: depositor behaviour; market discipline; crisis; emerging markets;

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Cited by:
  1. Theologos Dergiades & Costas Milas & Theodore Panagiotidis, 2013. "Tweets, Google Trends and Sovereign Spreads in the GIIPS," GreeSE – Hellenic Observatory Papers on Greece and Southeast Europe 78, Hellenic Observatory, LSE.
  2. Brown, Martin & Guin, Benjamin & Morkoetter, Stefan, 2013. "Switching Costs, Deposit Insurance and Deposit Withdrawals from Distressed Banks," Working Papers on Finance 1319, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
  3. M. Disli & K. Schoors, 2013. "Bank rebranding and depositor loyalty," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 13/867, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.

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