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Using a Policy Mix for Pollution Control – A Review of Economic Literature

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  • Lehmann, Paul

Abstract

This article provides a review of economic studies analyzing the use of multiple policies – a socalled policy mix – to cope with single pollution problems. To guide and structure the review, an analytical framework is developed and applied. The framework integrates transaction costs into the analysis of pollution problems and policies to overcome them. Moreover, it understands a pollution externality not only as a market failure but more generally as the failure of private governance structures. Based on this insight, two rationales for using a policy mix are identified. First, a policy mix may help to correct for multiple reinforcing failures of private governance structures, such as pollution externalities and technological spillovers. Second, a policy mix can be employed if the implementation of single first-best policies brings about high transaction costs – e.g., when marginal pollution damages are heterogeneous or polluters are unlikely to comply with the policy. For each rationale, the relevant literature is presented. Based on the review, avenues for future research are identified.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 21354.

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Date of creation: May 2008
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:21354

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Keywords: policy mix; review; environmental policy; pollution control; externality; transaction costs; Coase;

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Cited by:
  1. Andor, Mark & Flinkerbusch, Kai & Voß, Achim, 2012. "Quantities vs. capacities: Minimizing the social cost of renewable energy promotion," CAWM Discussion Papers 59, Center of Applied Economic Research Münster (CAWM), University of Münster.
  2. Arik Levinson, 2011. "Belts and Suspenders: Interactions among Climate Policy Regulations," NBER Chapters, in: The Design and Implementation of U.S. Climate Policy, pages 127-140 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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