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Financial Openness and Productivity

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  • Geert Bekaert
  • Campbell R. Harvey
  • Christian Lundblad

Abstract

Financial openness is often associated with higher rates of economic growth. We show that the impact of openness on factor productivity growth is more important than the effect on capital growth. This explains why the growth effects of liberalization appear to be largely permanent, not temporary. We attribute these permanent liberalization effects to the role financial openness plays in stock market and banking sector development, and to changes in the quality of institutions. We find some indirect evidence of higher investment efficiency post-liberalization. We also document threshold effects: countries that are more financially developed or have higher quality of institutions experience larger productivity growth responses. Finally, we show that the growth boost from openness outweighs the detrimental loss in growth from global or regional banking crises.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 14843.

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Date of creation: Apr 2009
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Publication status: published as Bekaert, Geert & Harvey, Campbell R. & Lundblad, Christian, 2011. "Financial Openness and Productivity," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 1-19, January.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:14843

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