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Colonial Experience and Postcolonial Underdevelopment in Africa

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  • Nobuhiro Mizuno

    ()
    (Graduate School of Economics, Kyoto University)

  • Ryosuke Okazawa

    (Graduate School of Economics, Kyoto University)

Abstract

IIn this paper, we analyze the connection between the history of colonial rule and postcolonial development in Africa. We focus on the fact that many African colonies were governed by indirect rule. Under indirect rule, indigenous people are divided into two groups: a privileged ruling group and an unprivileged ruled group. Our model assumes that the ruled group cannot observe how their deprived resources are divided between the metropolitan ruler and the ruling group. In this economy, a large level of exploitation by the metropolitan ruler yields distrust among indigenous groups and creates a negative effect on postcolonial economic and political development.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research in its series KIER Working Papers with number 672.

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Length: 23pages
Date of creation: Apr 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:kyo:wpaper:672

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Keywords: Africa; colonialism; indirect rule; colonial legacies; ethnic conflict;

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  1. Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, 1999. "Why Do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output Per Worker Than Others?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 114(1), pages 83-116, February.
  2. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2000. "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation," NBER Working Papers 7771, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Nicola Gennaioli & Ilia Rainer, 2007. "The modern impact of precolonial centralization in Africa," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 185-234, September.
  4. Catherine Boone, 1998. "State building in the African countryside: Structure and politics at the grassroots," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(4), pages 1-31.
  5. Lange, Matthew K., 2004. "British Colonial Legacies and Political Development," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 905-922, June.
  6. Nicholas Sambanis, 2002. "A Review of Recent Advances and Future Directions in the Quantitative Literature on Civil War," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(3), pages 215-243.
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Cited by:
  1. Mizuno, Nobuhiro, 2013. "Political Structure as a Legacy of Indirect Colonial Rule: Bargaining between National Governments and Rural Elites in Africa," MPRA Paper 48771, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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