The Long-Term Effects of Africa's Slave Trades
AbstractCan part of Africa’s current underdevelopment be explained by its slave trades? To explore this question, I use data from shipping records and historical documents reporting slave ethnicities to construct estimates of the number of slaves exported from each country during Africa’s slave trades. I find a robust negative relationship between the number of slaves exported from a country and current economic performance. To better understand if the relationship is causal, I examine the historical evidence on selection into the slave trades, and use instrumental variables. Together the evidence suggests that the slave trades have had an adverse effect on economic development.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 4134.
Date of creation: Jul 2007
Date of revision:
Africa; Slave trade; Economic development;
Other versions of this item:
- O1 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
- F1 - International Economics - - Trade
- O55 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2007-07-27 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2007-07-27 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2007-07-27 (Development)
- NEP-HIS-2007-07-27 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
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Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
by Johan Fourie in Johan Fourie's Blog on 2012-03-19 18:36:30
by Johan Fourie in Johan Fourie's Blog on 2012-03-19 18:36:30
- The legacy of slavery
by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2009-03-17 11:59:00
- The long term effect of slavery on Africa
by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2008-02-09 07:08:00
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