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Geography, Institutions, and the Making of Comparative Development

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  • Raphael A. Auer

Abstract

While the direct impact of geographic endowments on prosperity is present in all countries, in former colonies, geography has also affected colonization policies and, therefore, institutional outcomes. Using non-colonized countries as a control group, I re-examine the theories put forward by La Porta et al. (1999) and by Acemoglu et al. (2001), finding strong support for both theories, but also evidence that the authors’ estimates are mildly biased since they confound the effect of the historical determinants of institutions with the sizeable direct impact of geographic endowments on development.

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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 3874.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_3874

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Keywords: growth; institutions; geography; comparative development; colonialism;

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Cited by:
  1. Thomas K.J. McDermott, 2013. "Reconciling conflicting evidence on the origins of comparative development: A finite mixture model approach," Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment Working Papers, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment 130, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
  2. Arhan Ertan & Louis Putterman & Martin Fiszbein, 2012. "Determinants and Economic Consequences of Colonization: A Global Analysis," Working Papers 2012-5, Brown University, Department of Economics.

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