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Growth, History, or Institutions? What Explains State Fragility in Sub-Saharan Africa

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  • Bertocchi, Graziella

    ()
    (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia)

  • Guerzoni, Andrea

    ()
    (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia)

Abstract

We explore the determinants of state fragility in sub-Saharan Africa. Controlling for a wide range of economic, demographic, geographic and istitutional regressors, we find that institutions, and in particular the civil liberties index and the number of revolutions, are the main determinants of fragility, even taking into account their potential endogeneity. Economic factors such as income growth and investment display a non robust impact after controlling for omitted variables and reverse causality. Colonial variables reflecting the history of the region display a marginal impact on fragility once institutions are accounted for.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4817.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4817

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Keywords: colonial history; state fragility; Africa; institutions;

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  4. Graziella Bertocchi & Andrea Guerzoni, 2010. "The Fragile Definition of State Fragility," Department of Economics, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi" 0624, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi".
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  7. Bertocchi, Graziella & Canova, Fabio, 1996. "Did Colonization Matter for Growth? An Empirical Exploration into the Historical Causes of Africa's Underdevelopment," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 1444, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Graziella Bertocchi, 2011. "Growth, Colonization, and Institutional Development. In and Out of Africa," Center for Economic Research (RECent), University of Modena and Reggio E., Dept. of Economics 064, University of Modena and Reggio E., Dept. of Economics.
  2. Cervellati, Matteo & Jung, Florian & Sunde, Uwe & Vischer, Thomas, 2012. "Income, Democracy, and Critical Junctures," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 9259, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Antonio Ribba, 2010. "Sources of Unemployment Fluctuations in the USA and in the Euro Area in the Last Decade," Department of Economics, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi" 0627, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi".
  4. Fenske, James, 2010. "Institutions in African history and development: A review essay," MPRA Paper 23120, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín & Diana Buitrago & Andrea González, 2013. "Aggregating Political Dimensions: Of the Feasibility of Political Indicators," Social Indicators Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 110(1), pages 305-326, January.

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