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What Works Best for Getting the Unemployed Back to Work: Employment Services or Small-Business Assistance Programmes? Evidence from Romania

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  • Rodríguez-Planas, Núria

    ()
    (Queens College, CUNY)

Abstract

Recent empirical evidence has found that employment services and small-business assistance programmes are often successful at getting the unemployed back to work. One important concern of policy makers is to decide which of these two programmes is more effective and for whom. Using unusually rich (for transition economies) survey data and matching methods, I evaluate the relative effectiveness of these two programmes in Romania. While I find that employment services (ES) are, on average, more successful than a small-business assistance programme (SBA), estimation of heterogeneity effects reveals that, compared to non-participation, ES are effective for workers with little access to informal search channels, and SBA works for less-qualified workers and those living in rural areas. When comparing ES to SBA, I find that ES tend to be more efficient than SBA for workers without a high-school degree, and that the opposite holds for the more educated workers.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3051.

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Length: 54 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as "Channels Through Which Public Employment Services and Small-Business Assistance Programs Work" in: Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 2010, 72 (4), 458-485
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3051

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Keywords: propensity score matching; treatment effects; evaluation; active labour market programmes; transition economies;

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  1. Diego Angel-Urdinola & Rene Leon-Solano, 2013. "A reform agenda for improving the delivery of ALMPs in the MENA region," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 1-25, December.
  2. Hansen, Ellen & Avila, Zulum, 2012. "Preliminary assessment of training and retraining programmes implemented in response to the Great Recession :," ILO Working Papers, International Labour Organization 468419, International Labour Organization.

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