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What Works Among Active Labour Market Policies: Evidence From OECD Countries' Experiences

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  • John P. Martin

Abstract

This paper seeks to answer the following question: what is the potential contribution which active labour market policies can make a part of a strategy to combat high and persistent unemployment and the problems of low pay and poverty among the working-age population? In order to answer this question, it is vital to know what works among active policies and in what circumstances. The OECD Secretariat has been working intensively on these questions in recent years and the paper summarises the main results of our work to date. The structure of the paper is as follows. Section 2 provides some factual background on public spending on labour market policies in OECD countries over the past decade, drawing on an internationally comparable data set which the OECD has developed to monitor trends in this field of public spending. Then I summarise the main results of on-going OECD research into the effectiveness of active labour market policies. My review mainly exploits two sources: (i) the ... Le but de cette étude est de répondre à la question suivante : quelle est la contribution potentielle des politiques actives du marché du travail comme élément de la stratégie pour combattre un niveau de chômage élevé et persistent et les problèmes que les rémunérations trop faibles et la pauvreté posent aux personnes en âge de travailler ? Afin de répondre à cette question, il est nécessaire de déterminer, parmi ces politiques actives, celles qui marchent , et, dans quelles circonstances. Le Secrétariat de l’OCDE a travaillé de manière intensive sur ces questions ces dernières années, et l’étude résume les principaux résultats de nos recherches à ce jour. La structure de l’étude s’articule de la façon suivante. La Section 2 fournit des informations de base sur les dépenses publiques relatives aux politiques du marché du travail au sein des pays de l’OCDE au cours des 10 dernières années à partir d’un ensemble de données comparables à l’échelle internationale développé par l’OCDE ...

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers with number 35.

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Date of creation: 01 Oct 1998
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Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaaa:35-en

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  1. Stephen Nickell, 1997. "Unemployment and Labor Market Rigidities: Europe versus North America," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(3), pages 55-74, Summer.
  2. Bruce D. Meyer, 1995. "Lessons from the U.S. Unemployment Insurance Experiments," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(1), pages 91-131, March.
  3. Anders Forslund & Alan B. Krueger, 1994. "An Evaluation of the Swedish Active Labor Market Policy: New and Received Wisdom," NBER Working Papers 4802, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Daniel Friedlander & David H. Greenberg & Philip K. Robins, 1997. "Evaluating Government Training Programs for the Economically Disadvantaged," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(4), pages 1809-1855, December.
  5. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 2005. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199279173.
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