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Enhancing the Effectiveness of Active Labour Market Policies: Evidence from Programme Evaluations in OECD Countries

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  • Robert G. Fay
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    Abstract

    This publication reviews the recent evidence from programme evaluations on the effectiveness of active labour market policies (ALMPs) in helping unemployed individuals return to work. ALMPs differ widely in their objectives and their impacts, both across countries and within countries over time. Programme evaluations attempt to determine the impact of various ALMPs, both for the individual and on society at large. Individual impacts are usually measured in terms of post-programme earnings and/or employment performance. Societal impacts include an estimation of deadweight, displacement and substitution effects, along with some accounting for possible externalities. Recent evaluations suggest some ALMPs can help most groups of the unemployed. Many unemployed benefit from early intervention through the provision of counselling and job-search assistance. Others benefit through targeted employment subsidies, particularly in the private sector. The picture is more mixed with respect to ... Cette publication passe en revue les résultats récents sur les évaluations de dispositifs du point de vue de l'efficacité des politiques actives du marché du travail (PAMT) pour aider les individus au chômage à retrouver du travail. Les PAMT sont largement différentes, dans leurs objectifs et dans leurs impacts, à la fois selon les pays et dans le temps à l'intérieur de chaque pays. Les évaluations de programmes tentent de déterminer l'effet de différentes PAMT, pour l'individu ainsi que pour la société au sens large. Les impacts individuels sont habituellement mesurés en termes de salaires et/ou de situation dans l'emploi après avoir été dans un dispositif. Les impacts pour la société portent sur une estimation des effets d'aubaine, de déplacement et de substitution, ainsi que sur la prise en compte d'externalités possibles. Des évaluations récentes suggèrent que certaines PAMT peuvent aider la plupart des groupes de chômeurs. Un grand nombre de chômeurs gagnent à bénéficier d'une ...

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers with number 18.

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    Date of creation: 1996
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaaa:18-en

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