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Education, Intergenerational Mobility and Inequality

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  • Nathalie Chusseau

    ()
    (EQUIPPE, University of Lille 1)

  • Joel Hellier

    ()
    (EQUIPPE, University of Lille 1, and LEMNA, University of Nantes)

Abstract

We review the economic literature on the impacts of the several dimensions of education upon intergenerational inequality persistency. It is firstly outlined that the critical increase in the population education level in all countries has not come with lower inequality. The basic tools of education and intergenerational mobility modelling are subsequently exposed (OLG, education functions, education decision making etc.). The following two theoretical sections analyse the cases in which education leads (i) to human capital convergence in the long term and (ii) to social stratification with the emerging of under-education traps (situations in which certain dynasties remain continuously under-educated). A simple modelling of both cases is proposed for two types of educational decisions, one based on the family expenditure on education and the other on the time spent for education. The factors that generate social stratification and under education traps are especially underlined. The empirical literature on the determinants of educational attainment and intergenerational mobility is finally reviewed. This reveals the crucial impact of family backgrounds on educational attainment in all countries. It also demonstrates huge and lasting differences across countries in terms of intergenerational mobility.

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Paper provided by ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality in its series Working Papers with number 261.

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Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:inq:inqwps:ecineq2012-261

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Keywords: Education; Human Capital; Intergenerational Mobility; Social Stratification;

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Cited by:
  1. Elise S. Brezis & Joel Hellier, 2013. "Social mobility at the top: Why are elites self-reproducing?," Working Papers, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality 312, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  2. Joël Hellier & Stéphane Lambrecht, 2012. "Inequality, growth and welfare: The main links," Working Papers, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality 258, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  3. Ben-Halima, B. & Chusseau, N. & Hellier, J., 2014. "Skill premia and intergenerational education mobility: The French case," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 50-64.

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