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Peers, neighborhoods and immigrant student achievement - evidence from a placement policy

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Author Info

  • Åslund, Olof

    ()
    (Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation (IFAU))

  • Edin, Per-Anders

    ()
    (IFAU, UCLS)

  • Fredriksson, Peter

    ()
    (Stockholm University, IZA, UCLS)

  • Grönqvist, Hans

    ()
    (Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University)

Abstract

We examine to what extent immigrant school performance is affected by the characteristics of the neighborhoods that they grow up in. We address this issue using a refugee placement policy which provides exogenous variation in the initial place of residence in Sweden. The main result is that school performance is increasing in the number of highly educated adults sharing the subject’s ethnicity. A standard deviation increase in the fraction of high-educated in the assigned neighborhood raises compulsory school GPA by 0.9 percentile ranks. Particularly for disadvantaged groups, there are also long-run effects on educational attainment.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Swedish Institute for Social Research in its series Working Paper Series with number 10/2010.

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Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: 11 Nov 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:sofiwp:2010_010

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Keywords: Peer effects; Ethnic enclaves; Immigration; School performance;

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References

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  1. Åslund, Olof & Edin, Per-Anders & Fredriksson, Peter, 2001. "Ethnic Enclaves and the Economic Success of Immigrants - Evidence from a Natural Experiment," CEPR Discussion Papers 2729, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Joshua D. Angrist & Kevin Lang, 2004. "Does School Integration Generate Peer Effects? Evidence from Boston's Metco Program," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(5), pages 1613-1634, December.
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  4. Edin, Per-Anders & Fredriksson, Peter & Åslund, Olof, 2000. "Settlement Policies and the Economic Success of Immigrants," Working Paper Series 2000:22, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Niknami, Susan, 2010. "Intergenerational Transmission of Education among Immigrant Mothers and their Daughters in Sweden," SULCIS Working Papers 2010:10, Stockholm University Linnaeus Center for Integration Studies - SULCIS.
  2. Stephen Gibbons & Olmo Silva & Felix Weinhardt, 2010. "Do Neighbours Affect Teenage Outcomes? Evidence from Neighbourhood Changes in England," CEE Discussion Papers 0122, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.
  3. Markussen, Simen & Røed, Knut, 2012. "Social Insurance Networks," IZA Discussion Papers 6446, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Stephen Gibbons & Olmo Silva & Felix Weinhardt, 2013. "Everybody Needs Good Neighbours? Evidence from Students’ Outcomes in England," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 123, pages 831-874, 09.
  5. Hoogendoorn, Sander M. & van Praag, Mirjam, 2012. "Ethnic Diversity and Team Performance: A Field Experiment," IZA Discussion Papers 6731, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Grönqvist, Hans & Johansson, Per & Niknami, Susan, 2012. "Income Inequality and Health: Lessons from a Refugee Residential Assignment Program," IZA Discussion Papers 6554, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Sander Hoogendoorn & Mirjam van Praag, 2012. "Ethnic Diversity and Team Performance: A Field Experiment," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-068/3, Tinbergen Institute, revised 01 May 2014.
  8. Marco Tonello, 2011. "Mechanisms of peer interactions between native and non-native students: rejection or integration?," Working Papers 2011/21, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  9. Martin Nordin, 2013. "Immigrant School Segregation in Sweden," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, vol. 32(3), pages 415-435, June.

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