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Sixty Years after the Magic Carpet Ride: The Long-Run Effect of the Early Childhood Environment on Social and Economic Outcomes

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  • Eric D. Gould
  • Victor Lavy
  • M. Daniele Paserman

Abstract

This paper estimates the effect of the early childhood environment on a large array of social and economic outcomes lasting almost 60 years. To do this, we exploit variation in the living conditions experienced by Yemenite children after being airlifted to Israel in 1949. We find that children who were placed in a more modern environment (i.e. with better sanitary and infrastructure conditions) were more likely to obtain higher education, marry at an older age, have fewer children, and work at age 55. They were also more likely to be assimilated into Israeli society, to be less religious, and have more worldly tastes in music and food. However, these effects are found mainly for women and not for men. We also find an effect on the next generation--children who lived in a better environment grew up to have children with more education. Copyright 2011, Oxford University Press.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Oxford University Press in its journal The Review of Economic Studies.

Volume (Year): 78 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 938-973

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Handle: RePEc:oup:restud:v:78:y:2011:i:3:p:938-973

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Gould, Eric D & Simhon, Avi, 2011. "Does Quality Time Produce Quality Children? Evidence on the Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital using Parental Deaths," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 8258, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Stephen Gibbons & Olmo Silva & Felix Weinhardt, 2013. "Everybody Needs Good Neighbours? Evidence from Students’ Outcomes in England," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 123, pages 831-874, 09.
  3. Patacchini, Eleonora & Rainone, Edoardo & Zenou, Yves, 2011. "Dynamic Aspects of Teenage Friendships and Educational Attainment," Research Papers in Economics, Stockholm University, Department of Economics 2011:4, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
  4. Weinberg, Bruce A., 2013. "Group design with endogenous associations," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 411-421.
  5. Giorgio Brunello & Guglielmo Weber & Christoph Weiss, 2012. "Books are forever: Early life conditions, education and lifetime earnings in Europe," ISER Discussion Paper, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University 0842, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
  6. Chiapa, Carlos & Garrido, José Luis & Prina, Silvia, 2012. "The effect of social programs and exposure to professionals on the educational aspirations of the poor," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(5), pages 778-798.
  7. Martin Schlotter, 2011. "The Effect of Preschool Attendance on Secondary School Track Choice in Germany - Evidence from Siblings," Ifo Working Paper Series, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich Ifo Working Paper No. 106, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  8. Olivetti, Claudia & Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves, 2013. "Mothers, Friends and Gender Identity," IZA Discussion Papers 7704, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Santavirta, Torsten, 2010. "How Large are the Effects from Temporary Changes in Family Environment: Evidence from a Child-evacuation Program during WWII," Working Paper Series, Swedish Institute for Social Research 8/2010, Swedish Institute for Social Research.
  10. Luca Stella, 2014. "Living Arrangements in Europe: Whether and Why Paternal Retirement Matters," "Marco Fanno" Working Papers, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno" 0177, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno".

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