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Réforme de la protection de l'emploi et inégalités face au chômage dans un modèle d'appariement

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  • Olivier CHARLOT, Franck MALHERBET

    (Universite de Franche-Comte, LIBRE et CIRPEE. UFR SJEPG, 45d, Avenue de l'observatoire, 25030 Besancon Cedex, THEMA - CNRS - Universite de Cergy-Pontoise)

Abstract

Cet article s'interesse aux effets lies a l'introduction d'un systeme de modula- tion des cotisations patronales a l'assurance chomage (ou experience rating) sur le niveau et la structure du chômage par qualification. Nous construisons pour cela un modèle d'appariement dans lequel l'evolution de la demande de travail, les décisions de création et destruction d'emplois, ainsi que l'evolution des taxes destinees a fi nancer l'assurance chomage sont endogènes. Dans ce cadre, la protection de l'emploi a des effets qui peuvent etre differencies selon le niveau de qualification considere. L'introduction d'un systeme de modulation des cotisations employeur a l'assurance chomage pourrait ameliorer le fonctionnement du marche du travail ; l'importance des eventuels effets indesirables lies a ce systeme depend a court terme de la capacite a substituer la taxe d'experience rating aux dispositifs de protection de l'emploi deja en place, tandis qu'a plus long terme la hausse des incitations a se qualifier reduit en partie l'importance de ce probleme.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise in its series THEMA Working Papers with number 2008-31.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:ema:worpap:2008-31

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Keywords: Destruction d'emplois ; Coûts de licenciement ; Experience rating;

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  1. Steeve Mongrain & Joanne Roberts, 2005. "Unemployment Insurance And Experience Rating: Insurance Versus Efficiency ," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 46(4), pages 1303-1319, November.
  2. Cahuc, Pierre & Malherbet, Franck, 2002. "Unemployment Compensation Finance and Labor Market Rigidity," IZA Discussion Papers 581, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Pauline Givord & Eric Maurin, 2001. "Changes in Job Stability and their Causes : An Empirical Analysis Method applied to France, 1982-2000," Working Papers, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique 2001-07, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  4. Olivier L'Haridon & Franck Malherbet, 2003. "Protection de l’emploi et performance du marché du travail," Working Papers, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique 2003-19, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  5. Etienne Wasmer, 2006. "General versus Specific Skills in Labor Markets with Search Frictions and Firing Costs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 96(3), pages 811-831, June.
  6. Daniel Cohen & Arnaud Lefranc & Gilles Saint-Paul, 1997. "French unemployment: a transatlantic perspective," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 12(25), pages 265-292, October.
  7. DREZE, Jacques H. & SNEESSENS, Henri, 1994. "Technical Development, Competition from Low-Wage Economies and Low-Skilled Unemployment," CORE Discussion Papers, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) 1994036, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  8. Olivier Charlot, 2006. "Éducation, destruction des emplois et performance du marché du travail dans un modèle d'appariement," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(1), pages 5-33.
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