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Proximity and Innovation: From Statics to Dynamics

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  • Pierre-Alexandre Balland
  • Ron Boschma
  • Koen Frenken

Abstract

Despite theoretical and empirical advances, the proximity framework has remained essentially static in that the given proximity between actors explains the extent to which they interact in knowledge networks and profit from such interactions. We propose a dynamic extension of the proximity framework of Boschma in which we account for co-evolutionary dynamics between knowledge networking and proximity. For each proximity dimension, we describe how proximities might increase over time as a result of past knowledge ties. We capture these dynamics through the processes of learning (cognitive proximity), integration (organizational proximity), decoupling (social proximity), institutionalization (institutional proximity), and agglomeration (geographical proximity). We end with discussing several avenues for future research on the dynamics of knowledge networking and proximity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography in its series Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) with number 1314.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2013
Date of revision: Aug 2013
Handle: RePEc:egu:wpaper:1314

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Keywords: proximity; innovation; knowledge networks; proximity dynamics; geographical proximity;

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References

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