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Dynamic Proximities – Changing Relations by Creating and Bridging Distances

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  • Max-Peter Menzel

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Abstract

The analysis of qualitative regional change requires an approach that is able to cope with these changes from a relational perspective. While the proximity concept explains the spatiality of relations at a particular point in time and describes them in terms of proximity and distance, a dynamic proximity concept must explain how these distances are both bridged and created. Three different dynamics are elaborated: a cognitive dynamic that changes through learning, a network dynamic that changes when connections are made and a spatial dynamic that changes whenever actors move in space. Proximity dimensions are constructed using these three dynamics. It is argued that bridging distances is the crucial process in changing relations and that bridging distance in one dimension requires proximities in other dimensions. Implications for regional development are derived.

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File URL: http://econ.geo.uu.nl/peeg/peeg0816.pdf
File Function: Version October 2008
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography in its series Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) with number 0816.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2008
Date of revision: Oct 2008
Handle: RePEc:egu:wpaper:0816

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Keywords: proximity; network; cognitive distance; regional change;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Pierre-Alexandre Balland & Ron Boschma & Koen Frenken, 2013. "Proximity and Innovation: From Statics to Dynamics," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1314, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Aug 2013.

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