Proximity, Networks and Knowledge Production in Europe
AbstractThis paper aims at investigating the role of different types of proximity on the technological activity of a region within the context of a knowledge production function where R&D expenditure and human capital are the main internal inputs. We intend to assess if, and how much, the creation of new ideas in a certain region is the result of knowledge flows coming from proximate regions. In particular, we examine in detail the concept of proximity combining the usual geographical dimension with the institutional, technological, social and organizational proximity. The analysis is implemented for an ample dataset referring to 276 regions in 29 European countries (EU27 plus Norway, Switzerland) for the last decade. Results show that human capital and R&D are clearly essential for innovative activity but with an impact which is much higher for the former factor. As for the proximity and network effects, we find that geography is important but less than technological and cognitive proximity. Social and organizational networks are also relevant although their role is modest.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia in its series Working Paper CRENoS with number 201109.
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
technological production; proximity; networks; human capital;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
- O18 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
- O31 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-07-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-CSE-2011-07-02 (Economics of Strategic Management)
- NEP-EFF-2011-07-02 (Efficiency & Productivity)
- NEP-EUR-2011-07-02 (Microeconomic European Issues)
- NEP-GEO-2011-07-02 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-HME-2011-07-02 (Heterodox Microeconomics)
- NEP-INO-2011-07-02 (Innovation)
- NEP-KNM-2011-07-02 (Knowledge Management & Knowledge Economy)
- NEP-NET-2011-07-02 (Network Economics)
- NEP-SBM-2011-07-02 (Small Business Management)
- NEP-SOC-2011-07-02 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
- NEP-URE-2011-07-02 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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