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The complementary effects of proximity dimensions on knowledge spillovers

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  • Emanuela Marrocu

    ()

  • Raffaele Paci

    ()

  • Stefano Usai

    ()

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the effect of various proximity dimensions on the innovative capacity of 276 regions in Europe within a knowledge production function model, where R&D and human capital are included as the main internal inputs. We combine the standard geographical proximity with the institutional, technological, social and organizational ones to assess whether they are substitutes or complements in channelling knowledge spillovers. Results show that all proximities have a significant complementary role in generating an important flow of knowledge across regions, with the technological closeness playing the most relevant role. Keywords: knowledge production, spillovers, proximity, human capital, weight matrix JEL: C31, O31, O18, O52, R12

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Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa12p167.

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Date of creation: Oct 2012
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa12p167

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  1. Lydia Greunz, 2003. "Geographically and technologically mediated knowledge spillovers between European regions," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, Springer, vol. 37(4), pages 657-680, December.
  2. Luisa Corrado & Bernard Fingleton, 2012. "Where Is The Economics In Spatial Econometrics?," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(2), pages 210-239, 05.
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  4. R. Paci & S. Usai, 2007. "Knowledge flows across European regions," Working Paper CRENoS, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia 200704, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
  5. Kelejian, Harry H. & Prucha, Ingmar R., 2010. "Specification and estimation of spatial autoregressive models with autoregressive and heteroskedastic disturbances," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 157(1), pages 53-67, July.
  6. Rosina Moreno & Raffaele Paci & Stefano Usai, 2004. "Spatial spillovers and innovation activity in European regions," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa04p588, European Regional Science Association.
  7. James P. LeSage & Manfred M. Fischer & Thomas Scherngell, 2007. "Knowledge spillovers across Europe: Evidence from a Poisson spatial interaction model with spatial effects," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 86(3), pages 393-421, 08.
  8. Olivier Parent & James P. LeSage, 2008. "Using the variance structure of the conditional autoregressive spatial specification to model knowledge spillovers," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(2), pages 235-256.
  9. Laura Bottazzi & Giovanni Peri, . "Innovation and Spillovers in Regions: Evidence from European Patent Data," Working Papers, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University 215, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
  10. Ron Boschma, 2005. "Proximity and Innovation: A Critical Assessment," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(1), pages 61-74.
  11. Meric S. Gertler, 2003. "Tacit knowledge and the economic geography of context, or The undefinable tacitness of being (there)," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(1), pages 75-99, January.
  12. Mario Maggioni & Teodora Erika Uberti & Stefano Usai, 2011. "Treating Patents as Relational Data: Knowledge Transfers and Spillovers across Italian Provinces," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(1), pages 39-67.
  13. Jarno Hoekman & Koen Frenken & Frank Oort, 2009. "The geography of collaborative knowledge production in Europe," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, Springer, vol. 43(3), pages 721-738, September.
  14. J. Elhorst, 2010. "Applied Spatial Econometrics: Raising the Bar," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(1), pages 9-28.
  15. Riccardo Crescenzi & Andrés Rodríguez-Pose & Michael Storper, 2007. "The territorial dynamics of innovation: a Europe-United States comparative analysis," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 23328, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  16. Mario A. Maggioni & Mario Nosvelli & Teodora Erika Uberti, 2007. "Space versus networks in the geography of innovation: A European analysis," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 86(3), pages 471-493, 08.
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Cited by:
  1. E. Marrocu & S. Usai & R. Paci, 2013. "Networks, proximities and inter-firm knowledge exchanges," Working Paper CRENoS, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia 201311, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
  2. Ernest Miguélez & Rosina Moreno, 2013. "“Do labour mobility and technological collaborations foster geographical knowledge diffusion? The case of European regions”," AQR Working Papers, University of Barcelona, Regional Quantitative Analysis Group 201306, University of Barcelona, Regional Quantitative Analysis Group, revised Jul 2013.
  3. Oliviero Carboni, 2013. "Spatial and industry proximity in collaborative research: evidence from Italian manufacturing firms," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, Springer, vol. 38(6), pages 896-910, December.
  4. Rafael Boix Domenech & José Luis Hervás Oliver & Blanca De Miguel Molina, 2014. "“I want creative neighbours”. Do creative service industries spillovers cross regional boundaries?," SERMED 2014 Conference Papers, Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social p20, Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social.
  5. M. Foddi & S. Usai, 2012. "Regional innovation performance in Europe," Working Paper CRENoS, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia 201221, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
  6. Ernest Miguele & Rosina Moreno, 2012. "Do labour mobility and networks foster geographical knowledge diffusion? The case of European regions," Working Papers, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP) XREAP2012-14, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised Jul 2012.

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