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“Mobility, networks and innovation: The role of regions’ absorptive capacity”

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Author Info

  • Ernest Miguélez

    ()
    (Economics and Statistics Division, World Intellectual Property Organization & AQR-IREA & CReAM)

  • Rosina Moreno

    ()
    (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona)

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to assess the extent to which regions’ absorptive capacity determines knowledge flows’ impact on regional innovation intensity. In particular, it looks at the role of the cross-regional co-patenting and mobility of inventors in fostering innovation, and how regions with large absorptive capacity make the most of these two phenomena. The paper uses a panel of 274 regions over 8 years to estimate a regional knowledge production function with fixed-effects. Network and mobility variables, and interactions with regions’ absorptive capacity, are included among the r.h.s. variables to test the hypotheses. We find evidence of the role of both mobility and networks. However, inflows of inventors are critical for wealthier regions, while have more nuanced effects for less developed areas. It also shows that regions’ absorptive capacity critically adds an innovation premium to the benefits to tap into external knowledge pools. Indeed, the present study corroborates earlier work on the role of mobility and networks for spatial knowledge diffusion and subsequent innovation. However, it clearly illustrates that a certain level of technological development is critical to take advantage of these phenomena, and therefore “one-size-fits-all” innovation policies need to be reconsidered.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Barcelona, Regional Quantitative Analysis Group in its series AQR Working Papers with number 201308.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2013
Date of revision: Oct 2013
Handle: RePEc:aqr:wpaper:201308

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Keywords: absorptive capacity; inventor mobility; spatial networks; patents; regional innovation. JEL classification:;

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References

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