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Longevity, Life-Cycle Behavior and Pension Reform

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  • Peter Haan
  • Victoria Prowse

Abstract

How can public pension systems be reformed to ensure fiscal stability in the face of increasing life expectancy? To address this pressing open question in public finance, we estimate a life-cycle model in which the optimal employment, retirement and consumption decisions of forward-looking individuals depend, inter alia, on life expectancy and the design of the public pension system. We calculate that, in the case of Germany, the fiscal consequences of the 6.4 year increase in age 65 life expectancy anticipated to occur over the 40 years that separate the 1942 and 1982 birth cohorts can be offset by either an increase of 4.34 years in the full pensionable age or a cut of 37.7% in the per-year value of public pension benefits. Of these two distinct policy approaches to coping with the fiscal consequences of improving longevity, increasing the full pensionable age generates the largest responses in labor supply and retirement behavior.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) in its series SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research with number 396.

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Length: 39 p.
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in: Journal of Econometrics 178 (2013) Part 3, 582-601
Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp396

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Keywords: Life expectancy; public pension reform; retirement; employment; life-cycle models; consumption; tax and transfer system;

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References

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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Sustainable retirement pension reform?
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2011-08-15 14:42:00
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Cited by:
  1. David de la Croix & Olivier Pierrard & Henri Sneessens, 2010. "Aging and Pensions in General Equilibrium: Labor Market Imperfections Matter," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2010037, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  2. Hugo Benétez-Silva & J. Ignacio Garcéa-Pérez & Sergi Jiménez-Martén, 2011. "The Effects of Employment Uncertainty and Wealth Shocks on the Labor Supply and Claiming Behavior of Older American Workers," Working Papers 564, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  3. Haan, Peter & Prowse, Victoria L., 2011. "Longevity, Life-Cycle Behavior and Pension Reform," IZA Discussion Papers 5858, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Daniel Kemptner, 2013. "Health-Related Life Cycle Risks and Public Insurance," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 583, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).

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