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Old-Age Mortality in Germany prior to and after Reunification

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Author Info

  • Arjan Gjonca

    (London School of Economics and Political Science)

  • Hilke Brockmann

    (University of Bremen)

  • Heiner Maier

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research)

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    Abstract

    Recent trends in German life expectancy show a considerable increase. Most of this increase has resulted from decreasing mortality at older ages. Patterns of oldest old mortality (ages 80+) differed significantly between men and women as well as between East and West Germany. While West German oldest old mortality decreased since the mid 1970s, comparable decreases in East Germany did not become evident until the late 1980s. Yet, the East German mortality decline accelerated after German reunification in 1990, particularly among East German females, attesting to the plasticity of human life expectancy and the importance of late life events. Medical care, individual economic resources and life-style factors are discussed as potential determinants of the decline in old age mortality in Germany.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its journal Demographic Research.

    Volume (Year): 3 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 1 (July)
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:3:y:2000:i:1

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    Web page: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/

    Related research

    Keywords: German reunification; Germany; life expectancy; mortality; oldest-old;

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    References

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    1. Kenneth Manton & Eric Stallard & Larry Corder, 1997. "Changes in the age dependence of mortality and disability: Cohort and other determinants," Demography, Springer, vol. 34(1), pages 135-157, February.
    2. Ritschl Albrecht, 1995. "Aufstieg und Niedergang der Wirtschaft der DDR: Ein Zahlenbild 1945-1989," Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte / Economic History Yearbook, De Gruyter, vol. 36(2), pages 11-46, December.
    3. J. Pollard, 1988. "On the decomposition of changes in expectation of life and differentials in life expectancy," Demography, Springer, vol. 25(2), pages 265-276, May.
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    Cited by:
    1. Michał Myck, 2011. "Policy challenges in Germany and Poland: what can we learn from the SHARE data," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 28.
    2. Dora L. Costa & Joanna Lahey, 2003. "Becoming Oldest-Old: Evidence from Historical U.S. Data," NBER Working Papers 9933, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Marc Luy, 2006. "Mortality tempo-adjustment," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 15(21), pages 561-590, December.
    4. Peter Haan & Victoria Prowse, 2011. "Longevity, Life-Cycle Behavior and Pension Reform," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1140, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    5. Markéta Pechholdová, 2009. "Results and observations from the reconstruction of continuous time series of mortality by cause of death," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 21(18), pages 535-568, October.
    6. Richard Verdugo, 2006. "Workers, workers’ productivity and the dependency ratio in Germany: analysis with implications for social policy," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, vol. 25(5), pages 547-565, December.
    7. Rembrandt D. Scholz & Heiner Maier, 2003. "German unification and the plasticity of mortality at older ages," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2003-031, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    8. Marc Luy, 2005. "The importance of mortality tempo-adjustment: theoretical and empirical considerations," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2005-035, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.

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