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Increasing excess mortality among non-married elderly people in developed countries


Author Info

  • FFF1Tapani NNN1Valkonen

    (University of Helsinki)

  • FFF2Pekka NNN2Martikainen

    (University of Helsinki)

  • FFF2Jenni NNN2Blomgren

    (National Public Health Institute)

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    This article analyses changes in marital status differences in mortality from approximately 1970 to 1995 among men and women aged 65-74 in ten developed countries (Belgium, Canada, Denmark, England and Wales, Finland, France, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden). Data were obtained from the United Nations Demographic Yearbooks and national statistical sources. According to the results there has been a trend towards increasing excess mortality among single men compared to married men and single, divorced and widowed women compared to married women in most western European countries and Canada in the 1980s and 1990s. This has been brought about by a more rapid decline in mortality among married persons and a slower decline or even an increase among non-married persons. In Japan the excess mortality of non-married men and women decreased.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its journal Demographic Research Special Collections.

    Volume (Year): 2 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 12 (April)
    Pages: 305-330

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    Handle: RePEc:dem:drspec:v:2:y:2004:i:12

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    Related research

    Keywords: developed countries; inequalities; marital status; mortality; mortality differences; old age; trends;

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    1. Watson, Peggy, 1995. "Explaining rising mortality among men in Eastern Europe," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 41(7), pages 923-934, October.
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    Cited by:
    1. Victoria Prowse & Peter Haan, 2011. "Longevity, Life-cycle Behavior and Pension Reform," Economics Series Working Papers 556, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    2. Berntsen, Kjersti Norgård & Kravdal, Øystein, 2012. "The relationship between mortality and time since divorce, widowhood or remarriage in Norway," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 75(12), pages 2267-2274.
    3. Isabelle Robert-Bobée & Christian Monteil, 2007. "Gender Inequalities in Social and Family Differentials of Mortality within the Working-Age Population?," Economie et Statistique, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, vol. 398, pages 11-31, March.
    4. Ma, Jin & Yun, Youngyun, 2010. "Correlated intensity, counter party risks, and dependent mortalities," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(3), pages 337-351, December.
    5. Markéta Pechholdová & Gabriela Å amanová, 2013. "Mortality by marital status in a rapidly changing society: Evidence from the Czech Republic," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 29(12), pages 307-322, August.


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